Essay On Water Pollution In English For Student And Children

Essay On Water Pollution In English In the current climate, water contamination is a subject of significant environmental concern. Water is a precious resource that is crucial to life as we know it. Not only is water necessary, but it also needs to be clean and safe to use. Water that has been contaminated and is polluted is useless and dangerous to use or consume. The primary human-caused sources of water include things like industrialisation, agriculture, incorrect garbage management, etc.

Water Pollution

Essay On Water Pollution In English

Essay On Water Pollution In English (100 Words)

Water bodies and subsurface water supplies can get contaminated by a variety of human activities or natural causes, which is referred to as “water pollution.” Water contamination is mostly caused by human activities such as urbanisation, industrialisation, deforestation, trash dumping, and landfills.

Volcanoes and flood-related debris are a couple of the natural factors that create water pollution. Algal bloom is another another unavoidable source of water contamination. A broad range of photosynthetic organisms are referred to collectively as “algae.” An increase in the number of algae in a body of water is referred to as an algal bloom, which causes the water to become contaminated and discoloured.

Essay On Water Pollution In English (200 Words)

Water pollution affects both the environment and the life and health of all living things. We have relatively little freshwater for a population of 7.8 billion people who are expanding by 82 million every year.

Only 2.5 percent of the water on planet is freshwater, which humans consume on a regular basis. However, the human ambition to push boundaries and pursue new business opportunities has put strain on our freshwater supplies, causing them to become more contaminated than ever.

Many enterprises are located close to water sources, and they transport their waste there using freshwater. This industrial waste is poisonous by nature and endangers both the flora and fauna’s health. People in the communities close to polluted water bodies have been seen to have major skin, respiratory, and occasionally even life-threatening health illnesses.

Urban garbage and sewage are another major contributor to water contamination. Each household generates tonnes of waste per year, which includes plastic, wood, chemicals, and other substances. This trash reaches our aquatic bodies, such as rivers, lakes, and streams, and pollutes them in the absence of an effective waste disposal system. If we want the earth to be green, healthy, and teeming with life, we must stop water pollution.

Essay On Water Pollution In English (300 Words)

When foreign pollutants get into naturally clean and healthy water sources, water pollution happens. Water pollution is becoming a terrible reality as a result of increasing human activity and the growth of metropolitan areas.

Sources of Water Pollution

There are numerous causes of water contamination, and almost all of them are brought on by human activity. Industries discharge millions of gallons of hazardous smoke and waste materials into the atmosphere, waterways, and other natural resources. The majority of this industrial waste is dumped directly into water bodies without any sort of remediation. Since the majority of industrial waste is poisonous by nature, the water it enters becomes more toxic as a result.

Additionally, waste plastic, chemicals, oils, metals, and other items are included in the domestic garbage that is produced every day in the millions of households across the world. Most families don’t have a reliable system for getting rid of waste, therefore rubbish is frequently just thrown into the environment.

Ways to Prevent Water Pollution

By educating people about the causes of and impacts of water pollution on life and the environment, water pollution might be significantly reduced. People need to take part in cleanup initiatives when a community or organisation cleans up the waterways every weekend or at least once a month.

In order to completely eradicate water contamination, tough legislation must also be created and properly enforced. Strict oversight will increase accountability and may deter individuals and groups from polluting.


The issue of water pollution is currently a source of much discussion and worry among scientists and environmentalists. All of the Earth’s living things are in danger because of it. Given that we use only 2% of the fresh water on Earth, water is a necessary resource for survival. We must take action to undo the harm we have already caused because we cannot afford to pollute it any more.

Essay On Water Pollution In English (400 Words)

Water bodies such as rivers, lakes, ponds, and oceans can get contaminated. It is brought on when human-made contaminants from industrialization, urban garbage, trash, etc. contaminate our water sources.

Water Pollution Types

There are numerous types of water contamination because there are numerous sources of water. The following is a description of the most typical types of water pollution.

1) Pollution from agriculture and nutrients

High quantities of nutrients can be found in some of the waste water and agricultural waste. The growth of algae brought on by these nutrient-rich pollutants renders the water unsafe for drinking and other uses. Algae consume the oxygen in the water, which makes it difficult for other species to breathe and ultimately kills them.

2) Wastewater and Sewage

Urban sewage and waste water are contaminated with a variety of soluble and insoluble pollutants, including chemicals, plastic, rotten food, mercury, and other materials. Some of these pollutants float to the surface of water bodies while others sink to the bottom when they get there. The soluble contaminants also alter the chemical make-up of water. All of the aquatic life in the water body is under danger in this situation.

3) Lack of Oxygen

Any body of water has a variety of microorganisms, both aerobic and anaerobic. The decomposition of biodegradable garbage in water bodies promotes the growth of more microbes, which in turn consumes more oxygen, lowering the oxygen level.

4) Water Pollution in the Ground

Chemical fertilisers and insecticides use contaminate groundwater resources. The soil and chemicals combine, and when it rains, the water reserve below the ground is soaked up by the chemicals. Our wells and other water sources become contaminated with this water, making it unsafe to drink.

Stopping water pollution

The following easy actions can be taken to reduce water pollution:

Do not pour fat or oil down the sink in your kitchen.
Avoid disposing of dangerous chemicals and other contaminants improperly.
Never allow unused or expired medications to enter the drainage system of your home.
Make sure the garbage is properly disposed of by classifying it as solid, liquid, biodegradable, and non-biodegradable.
As much as possible, stay away from using pesticides and chemical fertilisers.


One of our most important natural resources is being depleted by water contamination, a significant environmental concern. We can only prevent water from becoming poisoned by exerting a lot of political will and tenacity.

Essay On Water Pollution In English (500 Words)

Water pollution is the term for the mostly human-caused contaminating of water bodies. Lakes, rivers, ponds, oceans, and subterranean water sources are examples of water bodies. Water becomes contaminated when waste from industrial and other sources leaks into water bodies. In addition to harming humans, this contamination also endangers aquatic life.

Water pollution causes

Water is a valuable natural resource that is crucial to maintaining life as we know it. Human activities are one of the many causes of water contamination. The following list includes the numerous causes of water pollution:

1) Domestic Waste

Typically, sewage from urban areas is chemically cleansed before being released into water bodies after being mixed with fresh water. Most of the time, sewage is not treated and is just dumped into bodies of water. It contains germs and dangerous bacteria that are particularly destructive to both humans and aquatic life.

2) Commercial Waste

Several industries produce a lot of harmful waste. Pollutants include mercury, lead, sulphur, asbestos, and nitrates are found in industrial waste. These substances not only affect the flora and animals but also make the water unsafe for human consumption. Many enterprises continue to dump toxic trash into natural water resources because there is no effective waste management system in place.

3) Trash Disposal

Plastic, food, wood, paper, rubber, aluminium, and other materials are frequently found in home rubbish. This waste either enters rivers and seas directly or indirectly and takes anywhere from a few years to hundreds of years to decompose. In both situations, it contaminates the waterways and endangers both marine life and land-based flora and animals.

4) Oil Debris

Oil floats on top of water because it is not soluble in it and has a lower density. Even though there have been fewer oil spills in recent years, they still happen occasionally. For instance, just in the United States in 2018, there were 137 oil spills. 65 of the 137 spills, or 65 gallons of oil, were reported as having the highest potential to spill.

5) Leaks from Landfills

The enormous heaps of trash known as landfills are typically located on the outskirts of a city or other urban area. The waste from the dumps contaminates the water bodies when it rains or blows and spills into them. They are heavily contaminated with various chemicals that are dangerous to aquatic life.

Water pollution effects

The organisms that live in water are the ones who are most directly impacted by water pollution. Additionally, it is detrimental to nearby plants, animals, and people who use or drink water in some way.

Since they are physically difficult to separate and change the properties of water, chemical contaminants are the most detrimental in this regard. They mix with the water and change its chemical composition, making it unsafe to use or drink.

Humans can contract a number of potentially fatal diseases as cholera, dysentery, typhoid, diarrhoea, and others by using contaminated water.


The health of the earth and its inhabitants is now seriously threatened by water pollution. Water is a very beneficial resource that both humans and animals need for drinking and other basic functions. The likelihood of life on Earth is drastically decreased if the already precious freshwater is become contaminated. We must first save the water by keeping our water bodies clean if we want to save life on earth.