Essay On Role of Judiciary In the Country Today In English Any democracy must have a strong judiciary. Along with the legislative branch and the executive branch, it is regarded as one of the three pillars of democracy. It serves as a check on the other two, ensuring that they don’t cross any boundaries.
In India today, the judiciary is much more active and prominent. India is currently experiencing a period of judicial activism, and occasionally the judiciary itself takes up a case in the interest of the general people and the country. Instilling a fear of the law, controlling corruption, and maintaining law and order are all important outcomes of this.
Essay On Role of Judiciary In the Country Today In English
Essay On Role of Judiciary In the Country Today In English (100 Words)
The judiciary serves as one of the three pillars that preserve democracy, along with the executive and the legislative. A robust and independent court is essential to a democratic government that is “of the people, for the people, and by the people” in order to prevent those in authority from violating the rights of the populace. As a result, the court emerges as democracy’s most crucial pillar.
Judiciary’s Function and Importance in Democratic Countries
Citizens in democracies are given certain unalienable rights without bias or discrimination. However, since power tends to corrupt, elected officials may occasionally trample on fundamental rights in an effort to maintain or expand their position of authority.
Essay On Role of Judiciary in the Country Today In English (200 Words)
One of the three pillars of a democracy, together with the legislative and the executive, is the judiciary. Together, they all three contribute to the democratic system’s effectiveness. A democracy must have limits on the power of the president and the legislative, though, or else it risks becoming an autocracy. The judiciary steps in to help with this.
The judiciary must fulfil a number of significant duties, but in the current political environment, the following roles stand out:
to serve as the Constitution’s defender and interpreter
safeguarding Indian individuals’ fundamental rights as well as other rights
They are not completely unrelated. It is the responsibility of the judiciary to make sure that any actions taken by the legislative or the administration are in accordance with the Constitution. This means that it can overturn legislative actions if it has reason to believe that they violate the nation’s Constitution. The judiciary can also stop or halt these measures if they infringe on citizens’ fundamental rights or even other rights.
The judiciary’s functions within the democratic system are arguably the most crucial. They make sure that people’s rights are upheld and that the government operates within the bounds of the Constitution.
Essay On Role of Judiciary in the Country Today In English (300 Words)
With the Supreme Court at its apex, High Courts at the state level, and District Courts at the district level, India’s judicial system is multi-tiered. It is a separate system that is frequently referred to as the protector of the Indian Constitution and citizens’ fundamental rights. It adheres to the common law system, which means that precedents, statutes, and conventions combine to create the law of the land.
How it Works
The judiciary has the authority to interpret the Constitution. Its constitutional mission is that neither the administration nor the legislature may enact any legislation without the judiciary first reviewing it to make sure it complies with the Constitution. The judiciary balances the power between them in cases of disputes between two or more states, or between the state and federal governments.
The independence and separation of the judiciary are guaranteed by the Constitution. Nobody, not even interest groups or other governmental branches, is authorised to have any influence over it. The names of candidates for judicial appointments cannot be suggested by members of the legislature or government. The judiciary’s collegium makes the names recommendations, and the President chooses the appointees. Similar to this, Supreme Court judges cannot be fired unless it can be demonstrated that they have engaged in wrongdoing or have lost the ability to perform their duties.
The framers of the Constitution understood the need for checks and balances between the administration and the legislature from a body that would be entirely separate from both in order to reduce any undue influence that those two bodies might have on their own behalf. The Indian judiciary fulfils this function and makes sure that these two institutions do not over the line and infringe on either the provisions of the Constitution or the fundamental rights that are given to Indian citizens.
Essay On Role of Judiciary in the Country Today In English (400 Words)
The High Courts at the state level, the District Courts at the district level, and a variety of local courts below them make up the Indian judicial hierarchy, with the Supreme Court acting as its pinnacle. In order to protect the interests of the populace, India’s judiciary is separate from both the legislative and executive branches of government. Additionally, it guarantees that any legislation that contravenes the Constitution is overturned. These aren’t its only functions, though.
Indian judiciary’s function
The judiciary also establishes a number of positions and duties that are outside the scope of the Civil or Criminal laws. Some of these tasks and obligations include:
Making New Laws – The court has the authority to make new laws because of its role as the interpreter of the Constitution and current laws. Setting precedents and then following them in subsequent cases accomplish this. Additionally, the judiciary has the authority to reject precedents that might be unconstitutional.
Lawsuits are filed against people who are accused of breaking the law in order to prevent further violations. After hearing arguments from both sides, a judge decides whether the law has actually been broken and, if so, what punishment should be meted out to the accused.
Deciding on Constitutional Issues – The Supreme Court typically resolves constitutional issues. Constitutional disagreements between states or between a state and the Union are examples of these. The Supreme Court considers how the Constitution should be construed in relation to certain situations when they are presented before it.
Administrating – In addition to their judicial responsibilities, judges also carry out a number of administrative tasks. These duties include selecting officers, keeping track of information, managing employees, or supervising lower courts.
In order to seek clarification on constitutional issues, the government or the legislative may occasionally resort to the court for advice. The judiciary serves as an advisory body in certain situations.
Protecting Fundamental Rights – The judiciary is responsible for upholding the constitutional and statutory rights that are guaranteed to Indian people. A court has the authority to invalidate a new law if it thinks that it would infringe these rights.
It is obvious that the judiciary plays an important role. The people in authority need to be subject to checks and balances. The function of the judiciary is to do that. Additionally, it serves as a mediator and counsel for the Union, the States, the Legislative Branch, and the Executive Branch. These tasks and responsibilities become essential to maintaining a democracy.