Essay On Pollution In English For Student And Children

Essay On Pollution In English Numerous elements, including industrialization, improper trash disposal, littering, etc., may contribute to pollution. For operational convenience and to avoid having their waste accidentally enter water bodies, many companies are located close to these bodies of water. If the water is drunk or used, it is quite dangerous. Pollution is the contamination of the atmosphere and environment in which we live, which prevents us from living in a healthy manner.


Essay On Pollution In English

Essay On Pollution In English (100 Words)

Contaminants in the environment are referred to as pollution. Some examples of pollutants include gases like Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Carbon Monoxide (CO), solid pollutants like plastic, sewage, etc., compounds like fertilisers, as well as those made as byproducts in factories, the transportation industry, etc.

The immediate result of pollution is that it makes the world’s natural resources useless or toxic to use, as well as leading to the extinction of species and ecological imbalance.

To stop more harm from occurring to the earth and its inhabitants as a result of pollution, it is imperative to take proactive precautions.

Essay On Pollution In English (200 Words)

Pollution, to put it simply, is when anything unwanted penetrates your natural environment. Pollution occurs when toxic gases are released during the burning of plastic, when hazardous chemicals are mixed with soil via the usage of chemical fertilisers, and when your household waste finds its way into the open environment. There may be numerous different instances of contamination. Right now, we’ll talk about the several sorts of pollution below.

Pollution Types

The following list includes the five main categories of pollution:

air pollution as one

The burning of fossil fuels by transportation vehicles and smoke from manufacturing are its main sources of emissions.

2) Polluting of Water

Its primary sources include runoff water from cities, farms, and the discharge of factory pollutants.

3) Soil contamination

Numerous things, including poor waste disposal and the use of dangerous chemicals in agriculture, can lead to soil pollution.

No. 4: Light Pollution

When light is present in a polluted region in greater quantities than is necessary, it is referred to as light pollution because it interferes with the surrounding environment.

No. 5 Noise Pollution

Noise pollution is the term used to describe the presence of excessive noise produced by human activity, such as loudspeaker announcements, jet jets, bustling markets, and road transport vehicles.


Whatever the form, pollution always has a negative impact on the environment, human health, or one or more of the earth’s living species. Roosting birds become confused by light pollution, which frequently results in tragic accidents.

Essay On Pollution In English (300 Words)

As well as other flora and animals, today’s pollution poses a significant threat to human life itself on planet Earth. Everything necessary for survival is impacted by pollution, including health, natural resources, and species.

What Is Pollution?

Pollution occurs whenever an external, undesirable substance produced by human activities enters the environment. The natural causes of pollution are hardly ever a factor; instead, they are always caused by humans.

Numerous human activities result in pollution. Tons of toxic waste produced as a byproduct in factories is dumped into rivers and streams, polluting them; thousands of cubic metres of harmful gases are released by moving vehicles, polluting the air; improperly disposed waste from urban settlements is strewn on land and water, causing pollution of both land and water.

As soon as we have a clear understanding of what pollution is, we’ll address some of its most important side effects.

Environment-related effects of pollution

Below are some of the ways that pollution affects the environment.

1) Stale air

The natural air is tainted by pollution, making it unsafe to breathe. As an illustration, air pollution is caused when harmful fumes from moving cars interact with the atmosphere. Serious respiratory problems can be brought on by breathing this air, whether it be a human or an animal. Due to this type of pollution, some species of animals and plants that are particularly susceptible perish.

2) Sulfur-filled Waterbodies

When waste from human settlements is not properly disposed of, runoff from that waste eventually reaches our natural water bodies. Numerous harmful substances, including plastic, are present in urban garbage. This trash is toxic to consume because it is not biodegradable and does not leave the water. Aquatic species, which are extremely vulnerable to pollution, see their populations decline as a result.

Essay On Pollution In English (400 Words)

Toxicity of the soil

Toxic soils are a result of pollution brought on by agricultural practises including the use of chemical fertilisers. Chemical fertilisers contain hazardous chemical substances that contaminated the land and finally rendered it toxic. It has an impact on plant and animal species whose survival depends on the quality of the soil.

4) Depletion of Species

The extinction of species is one of the pollution’s most obvious effects on the ecosystem. The living species are harmed in one way or another when contaminating pollutants are combined with our natural resources. Gaseous pollutants shorten the lives of both wildlife and flora as well as create serious respiratory problems.

5) Climate Change

One of the main repercussions of pollution, which causes a variety of environmental effects, is global warming. The greenhouse effect is caused by gaseous pollutants like Carbon Monoxide (CO) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emitted as a result of burning fossil fuels. On the other side, the greenhouse effect is to blame for a variety of things, including sudden climate shifts that cause famine, droughts, and other problems, as well as the extinction of aquatic species like fish and coral reefs.


Environmental pollution has a wide-ranging impact. In addition to the current effects of pollution, a lack of effective pollution prevention measures also imperils the future of various species. The pollution is being harmed at a far faster rate than it can be healed. Reversing the environmental harm we have caused could take generations, and even then, it won’t be simple. It will require tight discipline and the commitment to stop pollution.

When unwelcome compounds, also referred to as pollutants, are present in the environment, it is said to be polluted. The environment is severely harmed by pollution, which poses an urgent threat to it. Recently, the world has come to understand how important it is to address pollution if the planet and its biodiversity are to be conserved.

Pollution definition

When an unwelcome foreign substance, typically produced by human activity, enters the environment, pollution occurs. These substances, sometimes known as pollutants, seriously harm the ecosystem. Everything that makes up the environment, including the air, water bodies, flora, and wildlife, is impacted by pollution in one way or another. Additionally, pollution contributes to global issues including acid rain, global warming, and greenhouse gas consequences. A rise in the planet’s average surface temperature is referred to as global warming, and it causes starvation, floods, and droughts. The consequences of pollution on important Indian cities including Delhi, Noida, Ghaziabad, Lucknow, and Varanasi will be covered below.

Essay On Pollution In English (500 Words)

A value of AQI between 0 and 50 is regarded as “Good,” 51 to 100 as “Satisfactory,” 101 to 200 as “Moderate,” 201 to 300 as “Poor,” 400 as “Very Poor,” 401 to 500 as “Severe,” and a number beyond 500 as “Severe-plus or Emergency.”

Delhi’s Pollution Level

In a comparison of 1650 other major cities across the world, the World Health Organization found that the National Capital Territory of Delhi ranks last in terms of air quality index. Children in Delhi are the most severely impacted; according to a research, 50% of all youngsters, or about 2.2 million children, are experiencing irreparable harm as a result of Delhi’s poor air quality.

In Delhi, the Air Quality Index (AQI) typically ranges between 101-200 from January to September. However, once the winter season begins in October and lasts through December, the AQI dramatically declines. The AQI frequently exceeds a dangerous level of 500 throughout these months.

In Delhi, the combined PM2.5 and PM10 particulate matter concentrations can exceed 999 micrograms/m3. The safe limit, which is 60 mg/m3 for PM2.5 particles and 100 mg/m3 for PM10 particles, is greatly exceeded by this.

The situation in Delhi is made worse by the thick smoke that is produced when the roots of the paddy crop are burned throughout the winter in the neighbouring states of Punjab and Haryana. This practise, known as “Parali” traditionally, is a major contributor to Delhi’s pollution.

Noida’s level of pollution

Noida, officially known as New Okhla Industrial Development Authority, is a city bordering Delhi in western Uttar Pradesh and has far worse air quality than the capital. A heavy, thick haze is caused by ongoing construction projects in and around Noida, severe vehicle pollution, and the chilly winter air. A mixture of smoke and fog that is suspended in the air is referred to as smog. During the colder winter months of October to December, Noida’s Air Quality Index also deteriorates significantly, reaching a rating of 500.

The quantity of particulate matter in this area of western UP is often comparable to that in Delhi, and the two frequently compete for areas with the highest concentrations.

Ghaziabad’s Level of Pollution

In terms of pollution and Air Quality Index, Ghaziabad frequently leads the list of north Indian cities. Similar to Delhi and Noida, the AQI also exceeds the dangerous range of plus 400 here, primarily from October to December.

Industrial pollution and garbage burning are the main causes of Ghaziabad’s extremely low Air Quality Index. Due to the presence of industries on the outskirts of the city, both the factories and the transport vehicles that travel to the industrial region emit heavy amounts of smoke.

From October through December, Ghaziabad’s PM10 concentration might exceed the allowable limits by up to four times. This amount can occasionally be achieved during the Deepawali festival as a result of the continuous popping of fireworks and smoke that results from them. In Ghaziabad, PM10 Particulate Matter, which has a legal limit of 100 micrograms/m3, is frequently found to be close to 500 micrograms/m3.