Essay On Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar In English For Student And Children

Essay On Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar In English Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was a highly educated author, philosopher, academic educator, businessman, and social reformer who is regarded as one of the greatest Bengalis of all time. For his contribution to Bengali literature, he is remembered. He simplified and modernised the Bengali script by reconstructing it. He is also renowned for his tireless efforts to advance women’s status in Indian society and establish widow remarriage.

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

Essay On Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar In English 

Essay On Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar In English  (100 Words)

Families Ishwar Chandra and

Born into a Bengali Hindu Brahmin family, Ishwar Chandra. It was your average, traditional Hindu family. Both his mother Bhagavati Devi and his father Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay had a deep faith in God and Hindu traditions. Ishwar Chandra, however, developed a progressive outlook as he grew older. They resided in the Ghatal neighbourhood of Paschim Midnapore.

Ishwar Chandra was moved to Kolkata after he became 9 years old. He then moved in to Bhagbat Charan’s home. Ishwar Chandra appreciated the environment and the size of the Bhagbat family. He enjoyed how they all cohabited in close proximity to one another. He fit in with the family well. He particularly admired Raimoni, Bhagbat’s daughter, for caring for the home and making sure Ishwar Chandra was at ease in it. He was motivated by Raimoni to improve the status of women in society.

Ishwar Chandra married Dinamani Devi when he was fourteen years old. They named their kid Narayan Chandra Bandyopadhyaya after them.

Essay On Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar In English  (200 Words)

On September 26, 1820, Ishwar Chandra was born in Birsingha, Ghatak, Bengal Presidency, British India. He came from a low-income Hindu Brahmin family. He had a perfect thirst for knowledge. He put a lot of effort into his studies, and it showed in his academic performance. He was given scholarships that made it possible for him to finish his education. He read a lot of other books in addition to his course materials to broaden his knowledge.

He received degrees in a variety of courses while attending the Sanskrit College, including Sanskrit Grammar, Dialectics, and Literature.

At the age of 21, Ishwar Chandra began his employment at Fort William College as the Head of the Sanskrit Department. Later, he became an assistant secretary at the Government Sanskrit College.

Ishwar Chandra was admired for his intelligence and knowledge. He was given the name Vidyasagar, which means “ocean of wisdom” in Sanskrit.

He was a live example of the value he placed on education. He established a lot of schools, mainly to promote female education. He also put a lot of effort towards enhancing widows’ status in society. He made a lot of effort to establish widow remarriage. He received numerous awards for his contributions to society. Numerous locations in India, particularly in Bengal, bear his name.

Essay On Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar In English  (300 Words)

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar enjoyed learning new things. In order to satisfy his need for information, he read nonstop. He started writing to share his thoughts, concepts, and information with people. He showed himself to be a master writer. He wrote various works that served as role models for readers all around the world.

Books Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar authored the work.

Betaal Panchabinsati, Bangala-r Itihaas, Jeebancharit, Bodhadoy, Upakramanika, Borno Porichoy, Kotha Mala, and Sitar Bonobas are among the publications authored by Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar that were published between 1847 and 1860. Additionally, he wrote the Bengali newspaper Shome Prakash. In the year 1858, the newspaper first started printing.

One of his best-known works, Betal Panchabinsati, was a compilation of stories with an Indian setting. It was first penned in Sanskrit.

About the situation of widows in India, Ishwar Chandra wrote extensively. He described in great detail the struggles they went through. He wanted to raise awareness about the Hindu tradition that was harming the lives of thousands of women all throughout the nation. His thoughts had an effect and helped to elevate widows’ standing in society.

A few words from Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

These two sayings from Vidyasagar are motivational:

Education should provide broad information. It is essential to receive instruction in subjects such as geography, geometry, literature, natural philosophy, moral philosophy, physiology, political economy, and others. Education is more than just learning to read, write, and do math. We seek educators who are devoid of all forms of religious prejudice and who are fluent in both Bengali and English.

“A life without hardship is like a boat without a sailor, which has no self-control and moves in a gentle breeze.”


Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar wrote books that were not just significant in his day but also still have appeal to young people today.

Essay On Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar In English  (400 Words)

Bengali polymath Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar is credited for bringing about a number of social improvements. He campaigned to change many of the accepted standards of Indian society in order to give his fellow residents a better quality of life.

An effort to Remarry a Widow

Vidyasagar was distressed by how widows were treated in Indian society. In our community, widows were compelled to shave their heads, wear white saris, and spend the rest of their lives taking care of the family of their late husband. Because it was common for older men to marry teenage girls, there were a lot more widowed women in society in former times.

Some widows continued to live miserable lives inside the confines of their homes. Others made an effort to escape by leaving their homes. To make ends meet, the majority of them became prostitutes. Despite making a good living, they were despised by society. Their lives were awful either way.

Vidyasagar was committed to alter society’s perception of widows as a whole. He put a lot of effort into enacting laws that would grant widows freedom and respect. He fought for their rights and promoted fair treatment for them. He suggested widow remarriage as a practise. He sent a petition to the Legislative Council for the same, but it was met with harsh criticism and rejection.

His proposition was the subject of a counter petition that claimed it violated Hindu traditions and practises. However, he was also helped in this endeavour by a number of well-known individuals, including Akshay Kumar Dutta. Writing extensively on widows’ mistreatment, Vidyasagar. His articles compelled readers to join him in his endeavour to better the lot of widows in society. In 1856, the Hindu Widows’ Remarriage Act was officially adopted.

Creating a Bengali alphabet from scratch

The Bengali alphabet was recreated by Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar. By omitting a few challenging Sanskrit phonemes and certain punctuation, he simplified Bengali font. In order to reflect the pronunciation used today, he also added three new letters. He changed the Bengali typography to use an alphabet with forty consonants and twelve vowels.

Educator of Girls Advocate

Vidyasagar was committed to improving the lot of Indian women. He founded over 35 schools to support the education of girls. He educated people on the importance of educating their female children. He persuaded them to enrol their daughters in school so they could support themselves.


Ishwar Chandra’s efforts to better the lives of widows and women in society went beyond that. He also made an effort to better Indian society as a whole. It is admirable how much he has contributed to society.

Essay On Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar In English  (500 Words)

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was a man who touched the lives of many people in his community. He was extremely intelligent and used his skills and expertise to improve the country. To transform the society, he went against the trite Indian traditions. He was unconcerned about the feedback he received at the time.

Early Life Difficulties

Ishwar Chandra came from a struggling Bengali Brahmin family. His parents registered him in a school since they understood the value of education. His desire to learn was so great that he studied while sitting under a street lamp because his family could not afford a gas lamp. Ishwar Chandra’s life was greatly influenced by his education.

He put his heart and soul into his studies instead of just studying to pass the tests. He worked part-time while pursuing higher education because of his family’s dire financial situation. During this period, he was an instructor at Jorashanko. He toiled diligently all day at work and all night long in his studies.

A Top Student

Ishwar Chandra was a top-notch student. He yearned to learn. He was observed immersed in books as other children his age played around for the majority of the day. He loved to learn new things. He paid close attention to his teachings and did a superb job. He continued to study hard and was given scholarships and incentives.

He joined in the Sanskrit College in Kolkata, where he studied Sanskrit grammar, literature, vedanta, dialectics, smriti, and astronomy. Despite having little time and money, he excelled in college.

Professional Journey

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar held important roles in a number of prestigious institutions. At Fort William College, he held the position of Head of Sanskrit Department. At the Government Sanskrit College, he worked as an assistant secretary. He was selected to serve as the Calcutta Training School’s Secretary. During his time there, he made a lot of improvements to these institutions that benefited the improvement and development of the pupils.

a Social Activist

Ishwar Chandra obtained a respectable profession and received an excellent education. Without caring about what was going on around him, he could have lived in great luxury. But he made the decision to speak about societal problems. He campaigned tenaciously to change the status of women in Indian society because he found it deplorable. He thought that ladies ought to have access to education and the workforce. To promote girls’ education, he opened numerous schools.

Ishwar Chandra is particularly well-known for his work to better widows’ living conditions in Bengali society and throughout India. The society mistreated widows and denied them the freedom to live their lives as they pleased.

Vidyasagar submitted a petition to permit widow remarriage. He faced harsh rebuke from the community for defying Hindu traditions. It was the target of a counterpetition. But a lot of eminent members of the community rallied to his side. The Hindus Widows’ Remarriage Act was finally approved in 1856 as a result of his efforts.