Essay On Fundamental Rights In English The Indian Constitution includes the Fundamental Rights as an essential element. The term “fundamental rights” refers to all citizens’ fundamental human rights. These rights are guaranteed regardless of a person’s gender, caste, religion, race, creed, or place of birth, according to Part III of the Constitution. These are upholdable in court, with some limitations. The Indian Constitution guarantees these as fundamental rights so that all citizens of the country can live in peace and harmony.
Essay On Fundamental Rights In English
Essay On Fundamental Rights In English (100 Words)
Fundamental Rights have been added to the constitution. The ban of discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, colour, or sex is included, as is equal protection under the law, equal opportunity in public employment, and the elimination of untouchability and titles. This declares that there can be no form of discrimination and that all citizens are equal before the law. Everyone must have equal access to all public spaces, according to this right.
There won’t be any reservations in government services for war widows or physically disabled people, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, or other backward classes in order to promote equality.
This privilege was primarily established to end untouchability, a long-standing practise in India.
Essay On Fundamental Rights In English (200 Words)
It has been commended that the constitution now includes fundamental rights. Today, a state’s level of development is determined by the rights it grants its citizens. The Indian Constitution grants the public certain fundamental rights, with the caveat that any ensuing legislation that differ from these rights may be declared unconstitutional.
However, the Constitution’s articulation of many Fundamental Rights has received harsh criticism. Critics have even gone so far as to claim that the Indian Constitution’s authors gave rights with one hand while robbing them with the other. Indians can take advantage of the fundamental rights that are covered by a section of the Constitution in regular circumstances. However, in times of crisis, these rights may be revoked. The right to freedom of assembly, association, religion, expression, among other things, is one of the rights.
If necessary, a statute that breaches fundamental rights may be declared unconstitutional by a court of law. Only if a citizen submits a petition to examine a statute or presidential order may such action be used.
There are certain fundamental rights that are widely acknowledged as being essential to human existence and vital for human development. The worth of a man’s existence would be zero without these rights. Therefore, when political institutions were created, their primary purpose and duty was to enable everyone, including minorities, to live in dignity and enjoy the rights to equality, dignity, and freedom of religion.
Essay On Fundamental Rights In English (300 Words)
After the French Revolution and the fight for US independence, the necessity to grant citizens fundamental rights became apparent. At that time, some countries thought of granting their citizens certain fundamental rights.
Background History of Fundamental Rights
The French National Assembly passed The Declaration of Rights of Man in 1789. A clause on fundamental rights was also included in the US Constitution. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was drafted in December 1948, was accepted by the UN General Assembly. This covered the people’s social, economic, political, and cultural rights.
The Nehru Committee Report from 1928 made the idea that religious and cultural rights should be considered fundamental civil liberties in India. The Simon Commission, however, was opposed to the idea of including fundamental rights within the Constitution. The Indian National Congress once more advocated a written guarantee for Fundamental Rights in any future constitutional arrangement in India at the Karachi session in 1931. The call for fundamental rights was stressed at the round table conference held in London. Mahatma Gandhi circulated a note later at the second round table conference in which he demanded a guarantee that included protection for minorities’ rights as well as their culture, language, script, profession, and religious practises.
Following independence in 1947, the constituent assembly made a commitment to future administration. It called for a constitution that would guarantee all Indians justice, social, economic, and political equality, equal opportunity, and freedom of thought, expression, religion, worship, and belief as well as the right to associate and pursue a profession subject to the rule of law and general morality. Additionally, it ensured special accommodations for members of schedule castes, the underprivileged, and minorities.
The Constitution’s personification of the right to equality will undoubtedly be seen as a strong step towards the establishment of democracy in the Republic of India. Through these Fundamental Rights, Indian citizens are given assurance that they can enjoy a peaceful existence so long as they reside in a democracy.
Essay On Fundamental Rights In English (400 Words)
A means to guarantee that individuals get to live good lives in the nation is through the inclusion of the Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution. However, these rights contain a few odd characteristics that are typically absent from other nations’ constitutions.
Unique Characteristics of the Fundamental Rights
Fundamental freedoms are not unqualified. They are constrained within justifiable boundaries. They find balance between an individual’s independence and social safety. But the justifiable limitations are up for legal scrutiny. Here are some examples of these odd characteristics of these rights:
Every Fundamental Right is subject to suspension. In the interest of national security and territorial integrity, the right to freedom is automatically suspended during an emergency.
Few of the fundamental rights can be exercised by both citizens and non-citizens, but many are restricted to Indian citizens only.
Fundamental rights can be changed but not taken away. The fundamental foundation of the Constitution will be broken if fundamental rights are repealed.
Fundamental rights have both good and bad aspects. The state is prohibited from taking certain actions by the negative rights. It stops the government from discriminating.
Certain rights can be used against the government. There are some rights accessible against people.
The justification for fundamental rights is sound. When a citizen’s fundamental rights are violated, he or she may file a legal complaint.
A person employed in defence services may not be able to exercise certain fundamental rights because they are prohibited from exercising certain rights.
Political and social issues lie at the heart of the Fundamental Rights. While the other rights are negligible or unimportant without them, no economic rights have been guaranteed to Indian citizens.
Each right is subject to various obligations.
Our social, economic, cultural, and religious interests are generally protected by fundamental rights, which take a holistic approach.
These are a fundamental component of the Constitution and cannot be changed or removed through regular legislation.
A crucial component of our Constitution is the Bill of Rights.
These Fundamental Rights are enjoined by twenty-four articles.
Fundamental Rights may be amended by Parliament through a unique process.
The restoration of both individual and social interests is the goal of fundamental rights.
No right exists without a matching obligation. It is important to keep in mind that the Constitution provides very elaborated rights, and that courts of law have very limited authority to change those rights to their liking or avoid fulfilling their obligations.
Essay On Fundamental Rights In English (500 Words)
The Indian Constitution guarantees each citizen’s fundamental rights, including the freedom of speech and expression, albeit there are several limitations and exceptions to these rights.
Einschränkungs of Fundamental Rights
Fundamental rights cannot be entirely or willfully enjoyed by a citizen. A citizen may exercise his or her rights subject to certain constitutional limitations. In order to maintain public order, morality, and health, the Indian Constitution places some reasonable restrictions on the exercise of these rights.
The Constitution always seeks to restore both individual and collective interests. For instance, the right to practise one’s religion is subject to restrictions imposed by the state in the name of public order, morality, and health in order to prevent the misuse of this freedom for criminal or antisocial behaviour.
Similar to this, the rights protected by article 19 do not equate to complete freedom. Any existing state cannot guarantee full individual rights. As a result, our Constitution also gave the state the authority to impose such restrictions as may be required for the greater good of the community.
Our Constitution aims to create a welfare state where the common good takes precedence over individual interests and to find a balance between social control and individual liberty. Additionally, the state may impose rational limitations on freedom of speech and expression in order to protect the state’s security, uphold public order, preserve India’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, or because doing so would offend morality or decency.
The state may set logical restrictions on the right to assemble. The gathering must be peaceful, without guns or arms, and for the sake of maintaining public order. The freedom of the press, which is part of the broader right to free expression, is also subject to reasonable restrictions, and the government may impose these restrictions where doing so is in its best interests or to prevent acts of slander, defamation, or incitement to crime.
Maintaining peace and tranquilly in a multi-religious, multicultural, and multi-lingual country is obviously important to the Indian government. When one considers the socio-political environment of 1972—the Bangladesh war had just concluded, and the country had not yet fully recovered from the massive refugee incursion—one can understand this anxiety. Additionally, during that time, regional and local parties like the Shiv Sena and Asom Gana Parishad were getting more acrimonious, and religious and cultural groups like the RSS and Jamat-e-Islami had become increasingly violent in their rhetoric and deeds. However, it is undeniable that the Indian government overreacted when it passed the harsh IPC sections mentioned above and then declared an emergency.
No freedom can be completely unrestricted or unqualified. While maintaining and defending freedom of speech and expression is crucial for a democracy, some restrictions on this right are also necessary to maintain social order. As a result, under Article 19(2), the government may pass legislation that prohibits actual limitations on the exercise of the right to freedom of speech and expression in the interest of the state’s security, public order, sovereignty, and integrity of India, as well as in cases involving judicial disobedience.