Essay On Freedom of the Press In EnglishFreedom of the press or media is the belief system that communications to the public through the medium of print, television and, these days, internet should be free of oversight from the government. Different countries have different provisions to guarantee this right. Below you will find essays on freedom of the press and how it relates to India and its role and importance in a democracy. The essays vary in length and should prove useful for your exams. Feel free to select the essays as per your need.
Essay On Freedom of the Press In English
Essay On Freedom of the Press In English (100 Words)
At this point, the media starts to self-censor in order to prevent the government-engineered backlash. As time goes by, this self-censorship might become more ingrained or the public’s mistrust of the media might grow to the point where they demand government intervention. Naturally, if the media is silenced, there is no one to report the facts.
No right is inalienable. Even the freedom of speech or expression falls under this. Nevertheless, the right does exist, and as long as it does, the people are in control. It is obvious that the press is the instrument that indirectly safeguards all other rights that a people may have as the freedom of the press is included in this right.
Essay On Freedom of the Press In English (200 Words)
Press freedom is important.
It is the press’ duty to serve as a check and balance for the executive branch and the legislative branch. The press is the one that speaks out against social evils, wrongdoings, corruption, and oppression. The press also compiles, confirms, and disseminates newsworthy events, facts, and information so that citizens can develop informed opinions.
All of this, however, is impossible if the press itself is muzzled or if the voice of the press is only permitted when those in authority allow it. At this point, the news reports are regarded with suspicion. Even worse, the press might not be permitted to publish stories or voice viewpoints that conflict with those in authority. This describes a citizenry that is dreadfully ignorant and helpless as a result.
This is not just conjecture. Press restriction is one of the most prevalent characteristics of a dictatorship, as recent history has repeatedly shown. At first, the censorship might not even be direct or visible. A government may frequently begin by denigrating the media and the information being published. By weakening the news and information that the media gives to the public, it might vehemently support the idea that the media cannot be trusted.
Essay On Freedom of the Press In English (300 Words)
Two crucial pillars of a democracy are a free press and a free judiciary. Together, they are in charge of upholding transparency and making the powerful answerable for their decisions and deeds. Both institutions serve as checks and balances on the government, even if their actual tasks vary. As a result, their positions are complimentary.
Press and judicial roles
It is the duty of the media to present information and news that will influence public opinion and enable a nation’s residents to exercise their rights. It is the judiciary’s duty to uphold these rights. Therefore, it becomes obvious that for both the media and the judiciary to operate effectively, they both need to be free from any outside pressures that might try to sway information or judicial judgements.
However, these two organisations’ functions go beyond this point. The courts is also in charge of preserving journalistic freedom. At the same time, the press has a duty to convey information about facts and events in a way that aids the judiciary in rendering fair judgements that may have national-level implications. While it is the responsibility of the media to bring up significant issues and inform a nation’s inhabitants, it is the judiciary’s responsibility to make sure that it may do so without interference.
Additionally, the two systems serve as one another’s counterbalances. The judge has the authority to determine when the press is being denied its freedom of speech and expression and when it is unable to exercise that freedom. On the other side, it is the responsibility of the media to make sure that the legal system administers justice in a fair and efficient manner.
A functioning democracy is supported by the government, legislature, judiciary, and press. The last two of these are essential for a democracy to run well. For power to stay in the hands of the people in a democracy, each must defend and support the other.
Essay On Freedom of the Press In English (400 Words)
Power is meant to reside in the hands of the people in a democracy. They have the option of directly exercising this power or electing representatives from among themselves. These representatives then get together to form a legislative body, like a parliament.
Free and fair elections, the protection of people’s human rights, citizen engagement, and the application of the law equally to all are essential components of a functioning democracy. But none of this matters if there isn’t press freedom.
Press freedom in a democracy
There is no getting around the truth that a democracy can only last so long as there is freedom of the press. A democracy depends on its population, so it is important for them to be informed so they can choose their representatives wisely and make political decisions. However, it is difficult or impossible for every citizen to independently look up this information.
Here is where the media steps in. It is the responsibility of the news media to gather, certify, and transmit information that can assist people in making decisions that support a functioning democracy. As a result, the media develops into a potent tool for the effective operation of a democratic government. By presenting reliable information, the press not only helps the public stay informed about what is happening but also serves as a check on the executive branch.
Press freedom is likewise protected under the right to freedom of speech and expression. The people lose the only resource they have to meaningfully engage in the governance of their nation if journalists are threatened, harassed, or unjustly discredited.
No government can be said to be “of the people, by the people, and for the people” without press freedom. Sadly, the media and its freedom to report have been more restricted over the past few years, whether directly or indirectly. These restrictions, which have taken the form of intimidation, threats, and harassment, are having terrible effects on the spread of accurate information. If this tendency doesn’t change, some of the most potent democracies in the world may soon fall.
It has been claimed that maintaining constant vigilance is the price of liberty. The press or the media is the institution that keeps that vigil. In other words, the media must make sure that it keeps an eye on those in authority, in whose hands the people’s freedom rests, if the people are to have freedom. Press that is unaffected by extraneous influences or influencers is essential in order to achieve this.
Essay On Freedom of the Press In English (500 Words)
The requirement to base one’s decisions on how they will affect the environment, economy, culture, and society is known as social responsibility. This implies that each individual has a duty to express themselves in a way that respects the social, economic, cultural, and environmental facets of the world in which we live.
Social accountability and press freedom
Any situation benefits from the powerful role the press can play. It disseminates knowledge and communicates viewpoints that influence and mould the public’s attitudes and positions. Nowhere is this more evident than in the global reporting from the 20th and 21st centuries. At this time, fact-checking was widely practised and print media started to flourish.
The theory of the press’s societal responsibility rests somewhere in the middle of totalitarianism and libertarianism. According to the principle, a free press should be permitted without any restrictions, but the content should be self-regulated and available for debate in open forums. It promotes high standards of quality in terms of truth, accuracy, and information and assists in establishing rules for reporting professionalism.
The truth is that unrestrained media can be harmful. In order to keep its influence, it will report anything, distort any facts, and even promote outright lies. It is very manipulable, which makes it possible to control the very public opinion it is meant to mould. Reporting facts isn’t the only aspect of responsible journalism. Additionally, it entails setting those facts in their proper context and, in some cases, avoiding from disclosing information or expressing viewpoints that can be harmful.
The attacks in Mumbai on November 26 serve as the ideal illustration of this circumstance. 67 channels were on hand to report live the events as the Rapid Action Force, Marine Commandos, and National Security Guard surrounded the Taj Hotel and the Oberoi Trident. The terrorists were able to prepare their defence because they had minute-by-minute reports on what was happening outside. As the commandos attempted to contain the terrorists and free captives, their task become exponentially more challenging.
The Supreme Court found following the incident that the media had been incredibly irresponsible and had jeopardised not only the lives of the rescue personnel but also the hostages. In an effort to boost their viewers, different TV networks ignored all common sense and negligently and continuously published updates that aided terrorists while impeding law enforcement. While the right to free speech exists, it is subject to certain restrictions, and during those tragic times, the news media blatantly broke those restrictions in order to make money.
There is no question that a robust and free press is essential to any democracy’s operation. The right to freedom of expression must be used responsibly, as with all other freedoms, to avoid doing more harm than good. Unfortunately, news organisations rely on audience numbers to make money, and they have repeatedly shown that they will go against their moral principles to obtain both. The media must understand that in order to be genuinely effective, it owes it to its readers and to society as a whole to report with reason and diligence.