Essay On Farmer Suicides In India In English The sad truth is that there have been more farmer suicides in India over time. There are several factors that influence it. These include, among other things, the unpredictable nature of the weather, the weight of debt,, and. Over time, there has been an increase in farmer suicides in India. The main causes of this include the widening weather disparities, large amounts of debt, health problems, personal troubles, and government policies.
Essay On Farmer Suicides In India In English
Essay On Farmer Suicides In India In English (100 Words)
Suicides among Farmers: Statistics
According to statistics, 11.2% of all suicides in India are committed by farmers. The country’s farmer suicide rate has fluctuated between 1.4 and 1.8 per 100,000 people over a ten-year period, from 2005 to 2015. In India, the largest number of farmer suicides occurred in 2004. Up to 18,241 farmers took their own lives in this year.
India’s National Crime Records Bureau revealed that there were 135, 599 suicides nationwide in 2010, of which 15,963 were committed by farmers. A total of 135,585 suicide cases were reported in the nation in 2011, and 14,207 of those cases involved farmers. Farmers made up 11.2% of all suicide cases in 2012, with Maharashtra accounting for 25% of the occurrences. There were 5,650 occurrences of farmer suicide in 2014. Maharashtra, Pondicherry, and Kerala have greater rates of farmer suicide than other states.
Essay On Farmer Suicides In India In English (200 Words)
Each year, a number of farmers in India kill themselves. According to data from India’s National Crime Records Bureau, more farmers commit suicide than anyone in any other profession. Comparatively more occurrences occur in the states of Maharashtra, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka. It is claimed that a number of reasons are to blame for this. The following are some of the main causes of farmer suicide in India:
being unable to pay debt.
Crop damage brought on by irregular meteorological circumstances like floods and droughts.
unfavourable laws and regulations.
failing to provide for the family’s needs.
The government has launched a number of steps to address the issue. The Agricultural Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme of 2008, the Maharashtra Money Lending (Regulation) Act of 2008, the Relief Package of 2006, and the Diversify Income Sources Package of 2013 are a few of them. A few states have also established organisations to aid struggling farmers. The majority of these programmes, however, are more concerned with giving out or repaying loans than they are with assisting farmers in raising their revenue and productivity, which has led to the expected outcomes.
To end this issue, the government must conduct a thorough investigation and take decisive action to eliminate the causes of farmer suicides.
Essay On Farmer Suicides In India In English (300 Words)
Similar to many other nations, India has a much greater rate of farmer suicides when compared to other professions. According to statistics, farmers account for 11.2% of all suicides in the nation. Farmers in India commit suicide for a variety of reasons. Here is a detailed look at these causes as well as the steps the government is doing to assist struggling farmers.
What Motivates Farmers to Take Such a Radical Step?
Farmers in India are killing themselves for a variety of causes. The country’s unpredictable weather is one of the key causes. In the majority of the country, climate change has brought about extreme weather conditions like drought and flooding. Crops are harmed by such intense weather, leaving farmers with nothing. Farmers are obliged to take on debt when crop yields are insufficient to cover their expenses. Many farmers typically resort to suicide when they are unable to pay off their debt.
Most farmers are the family’s only source of income. Farmers frequently commit suicide as a result of the stress brought on by their failure to meet the demands and responsibilities of the family. Farmers under constant pressure to fulfil these obligations. Low commodity prices, new government regulations, inadequate irrigation infrastructure, and alcoholism are further reasons contributing to India’s rising rate of farmer suicides.
Controlled Farmer Suicide Measures
The Indian government has tried a number of measures to reduce the number of farmer suicides in the nation, including:
The 2006 Relief Package
Act of 2008 to Regulate Money Landing in Maharashtra.
Farming Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme of 2008.
Maharashtra Assistance 2010
2012 bill amending the Kerala Farmers’ Debt Relief Commission.
The 2013 Diversify Income Sources Package
Monsanto’s royalties were lowered by 70%.
Mantri Fasal Beema Yojna (Crop Insurance for Farmers).
Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojna.
Land Health Cards.
It is heartbreaking to see so many farmers take their own deaths because they are unable to handle the financial and emotional upheaval in their lives. To control these cases, the government must take decisive action.
Essay On Farmer Suicides In India In English (400 Words)
It is quite regrettable that the number of farmer suicide cases is rising daily in a nation like India, where almost 70% of the entire population depends either directly or indirectly on agriculture. Farmers account for 11.2% of all suicides in the country. Farmer suicides in India are caused by a variety of circumstances, and while the government has taken numerous steps to address the issue, these steps do not appear to be sufficiently effective. The ideas offered here ought to assist in reducing the number of farmer suicides in India.
India’s Agricultural Issues
By lowering loan interest rates and perhaps forgoing agricultural loans entirely, the government has been taking steps to financially assist farmers. These haven’t done much to help, though. In order to reduce the number of farmer suicides, it is time for the government to identify the underlying source of the issue and take steps to have it resolved. Some of the problems that require quick attention are listed below:
The nation’s agricultural activities need to be organised. Crop cultivation, irrigation, and harvesting all require careful planning.
The government is responsible for ensuring that the farmers receive the agreed-upon purchasing price.
The middlemen’s exploitation of farmers must end. The government must establish rules allowing farmers to sell their goods directly to consumers.
The government must make sure that the farmers benefit from the initiatives and subsidies.
It is necessary to halt the sale of productive land to property owners.
Controlling Farmer Suicide in India: Measures
The government must take the following proactive measures to address the problem of farmer suicides in India:
Exclusive agricultural zones must be established by the government, and only agricultural activity should be permitted there.
To help farmers enhance farm output, steps must be done to teach them contemporary farming techniques.
Facilities for irrigation need to be upgraded.
A national system for managing weather risks must be established to inform farmers of extreme weather situations.
Real crop insurance programmes must be introduced.
Farmers must be urged to pursue new revenue streams. The government ought to assist them in learning the new skills.
It is past time for the Indian government to begin taking the terrible problem of farmer suicides more seriously. The actions done up until this point have failed to reduce these incidences. This calls for an evaluation and implementation of the current techniques.
Essay On Farmer Suicides In India In English (500 Words)
Each year, India reports a number of farmer suicides. According to India’s National Crime Records Bureau, the largest number of farmer suicides ever documented in a year was 18,241 in 2004. Statistics show that 11.2% of all suicides in the nation are committed by farmers. The rising rate of farmer suicide cases in India is attributed to a number of factors, including poor irrigation facilities, extreme weather conditions like drought and floods, high debt, unfavourable government policies, public mental health issues, and extreme weather conditions like drought and floods. The issue is serious, and the government is attempting to regulate it.
Governmental Efforts to Reduce Farmer Suicide
The Indian government has taken the following steps to assist farmers in need and prevent suicides:
2006 Relief Package
In order to improve the lot of farmers there, the Indian government picked 31 districts in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh in 2006 and launched a special rehabilitation programme. These are the states where farmer suicides are most common.
2008 Maharashtra Bill
The Money Lending (Regulation) Act, 2008 was passed by the Maharashtra state government to control private farmland lending. The Reserve Bank of India’s money lending rate was set as the highest interest rate that could be charged on loans made to farmers by private lenders.
Farming Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Program
More than 36 million farmers benefited from the Agricultural Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme, which was introduced by the Indian government in 2008. A total of Rs 653 billion was invested on this programme to write off a portion of the farmers’ loan principle and interest obligations.
Maharashtra Assistance Program 2010
In 2010, the Maharashtra government forbade unlicensed moneylenders from obtaining loan payback. Numerous other rewards were also available to farmers as part of this package.
Kerala Farmers’ Debt Relief Commission (Amendment) Bill 2012 In order to provide benefits to struggling farmers with loans through 2011, Kerala modified the Kerala Farmers’ Debt Relief Commission Act 2006 in 2012.
Package to Diversify Income Sources for 2013
The government has put out this package for areas like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala that are vulnerable to farmer suicide.
In India, numerous state governments have launched unique programmes to stop farmer suicides. Farmers in need have been supported by organisations, and money has also been gathered to give them financial assistance.
The Modi administration has recently taken action to address the problem of farmer suicides in India. Monsanto’s royalties will be reduced by 70%, farmers would receive aid in the form of input subsidies, and the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Beema Yojna (Crop Insurance for Farmers) and Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojna will be introduced. In order to assist farmers in increasing farm output, the government also distributes Soil Health Cards, which feature crop-specific recommendations for nutrients and fertilisers.
A serious problem is farmer suicide. The government has introduced a number of programmes to assist struggling farmers, but these initiatives haven’t done much to reduce the number of farmer suicides. It is past time for the Indian government to acknowledge the delicate nature of the situation and take steps to resolve it.