Essay On Family Planning In India In English For Student And Children

Essay On Family Planning In India In English Family planning, as defined, is the process of choosing, through the use of contraceptive measures like birth control, how many children you will have and how close together they will be. Despite the fact that family planning should ideally be a matter of personal choice, populous nations like China and India use family planning laws to slow down population growth.

Family Planning In India

Essay On Family Planning In India In English

Essay On Family Planning In India In English  (100 Words)

Family Planning Is Important

The two most important facets of someone’s life that are impacted by family planning are their economics and health. First off, families can choose when they are financially able to have children thanks to family planning techniques. This becomes crucial when taking into account the price of prenatal care and the subsequent expenses of raising children, such as the cost of food, home, clothes, and education.

The use of birth control enables couples to choose when they are prepared to cover these expenses. Second, spacing out children appropriately benefits women’s health. The health of both the mother and the child may be harmed if a mother has children that are less than two years apart or more than five years apart, according to USAID, the United States Agency for International Development.

Essay On Family Planning In India In English  (200 Words)

With 1.3 billion people, India has the second-largest population in the world. By 2028, our population will surpass that of China if the current growth rate is maintained. According to the UN’s prediction, India’s population is growing at a rate that is noticeably faster than China’s. Early on, Indian MPs realised how urgent the issue was, and as a result, family planning measures were put in place by the government.

Family Planning History

India holds the distinction of being the first developing nation to launch a state-sponsored family planning programme. The National Family Planning Program was the name of the programme when it first began in 1952. The initiative first concentrated on birth control and other contraceptives. As time went on, though, the programme began to cover additional facets of family health, including nutrition, welfare of the family, and the health of both mother and child. In order to reflect this improvement in policy, the department’s name eventually changed from Family Planning Department to Family Welfare Program.

Current Family Planning Situation

State and federal governments have put a lot of effort into implementing the programme at various societal levels over the years. This includes strategies like raising awareness through PSAs and door-to-door initiatives, promoting the two-child norm through financial incentives, placing a strong emphasis on both boys’ and girls’ education, and putting a lot of effort into rural areas.

Essay On Family Planning In India In English  (300 Words)

The world’s population as of June 2018 is 7.6 billion people. Out of this, developing countries during the past 50 years have added 3.2 billion people. According to current estimates, these nations will add 3.1 billion more people to the world’s population. The population of the world is, in fact, expanding rapidly and doesn’t appear to be slowing down anytime soon.

Planning Families is Required

Family planning is essential on both a personal and a planetary scale. A family may choose to have fewer children to whom they can dedicate more energy, time, and money if they are able to anticipate when and how many children they will have. The health of the children is also impacted; mortality rates are higher when youngsters are crammed together or spaced out too closely.

Growing populations place significant strain on a nation’s built environment and natural resources. When the population increases rapidly, it becomes extremely difficult to provide for the needs of the population, including housing, education, healthcare, and work. Family planning is unquestionably necessary in these nations in order to manage population growth and ensure that there are enough resources for everyone. When population growth and demand for limited natural resources decline, so does the impact on the environment.


Family planning is essential on both a personal and global scale. There aren’t enough resources for everyone, and those that are available aren’t dispersed fairly. As a result, it becomes imperative that everyone is informed about family planning and its advantages. Although the majority of people frequently equate birth control with family planning, the reality is that family planning involves much more than just avoiding pregnancy. The best approach for couples to plan for the future, for women to take control of their own bodies, and for nations to manage population growth is through contraception. Although many may disagree on moral or religious grounds, family planning is nevertheless a requirement in the twenty-first century.

Essay On Family Planning In India In English  (400 Words)

Family planning techniques have tremendously advanced during the past century. The family planning technologies available today allow men and women to have healthy sex lives and have children only when they are ready for that commitment, as opposed to the past when abstinence was the only way to guarantee that no pregnancy would occur.

Effects of Family Planning Strategies

However, the overall effect is significantly more than was first thought.

Physical Autonomy

Despite the fact that sexual activity involves two consenting parties, if no birth control is utilised, the woman will become pregnant. This has an unfathomable effect on a woman’s life. Women have no means of preventing pregnancy for a very long period. Women now have more control over their bodies thanks to the simple and frequently free availability of birth control options. They are free to choose whether they want kids, when they want them, and how far apart. Without having to worry about unintended pregnancies, women can make sure they have met their financial, professional, and personal goals.

Health Advantages

According to numerous research, ovarian cancer is less likely to strike women who utilise oral contraceptives for five or more years. These medications also lower the risk of developing ovarian cysts. In addition to controlling irregular menstrual cycles, birth control tablets are frequently used to treat various symptoms as well as to lessen the severity of menstrual cramps.

Maternal mortality rates have been significantly impacted by family planning strategies, particularly in underdeveloped countries. The number of women who pass away after unsafe abortion procedures has decreased as a result of birth control.

Population Management

Although family planning techniques are helpful for couples to plan when they wish to have children, they have also had a very noticeable impact on population increase, a major global issue. A woman may have between 12 and 15 pregnancies in her lifetime before birth control technologies were developed; this contributed significantly to population growth. Women can choose when and how many children they want with birth control, which substantially slows population increase.


Birth control methods have significantly changed many fields. Birth control is now widely accessible, empowering women, enabling families to choose whether to start or grow their families, and assisting governments in population management. Although there have been vocal opposition to the use of contraceptives, usually motivated by moral or religious principles, it is clear that family planning techniques are already shaping and will continue to shape our future, whether on a personal or global scale.

Essay On Family Planning In India In English  (500 Words)

India holds the distinction of being the first developing nation to launch a government-sponsored family planning programme. When one considers the facts on the Indian population, it is clear the need for such a programme.

Prior to the 20th century, family planning was solely dependent on luck or prayer, especially for women. The ability to have children wasn’t always available to people. People who want fewer children or children spaced further apart were unable to take any action to make this happen. Abstinence was the only effective birth control strategy, but it wasn’t for everyone. But today, a wide range of family planning options are accessible, and this accessibility has profoundly altered people’s lives.

With 1.3 billion people, India currently boasts the second highest population in the world. The country has a high fertility rate; every 20 days, almost a million people join the population. According to UN predictions, India will overtake China in terms of population by the year 2028. Thankfully, the Indian government understood the severity of this issue and started taking family planning precautions some time ago.

Indian family planning history

Raghunath Dhondo Karve was the first well-known figure to understand the necessity of population control. Between 1927 to 1953, he ran a periodical by the name of Samaj Swasthya in which he made the case that using contraceptives to reduce population would be in the best interests of society. Mahatma Gandhi criticised Karve’s call for the Indian government to implement population control programmes on the grounds that people should practise self-discipline instead of using birth control.

By 1951, it was clear to the Indian government that family planning was needed urgently due to the country’s rapidly growing population. At that time, the government made the decision to establish a state-sponsored family planning programme. Five-year plans with an emphasis on economic expansion and restructuring were implemented. But in 1971, Indira Gandhi, who was prime minister at the time, implemented a forced sterilisation campaign.

Men who had two or more children were intended to be sterilised, but the programme instead sterilised a large number of single males and men who resisted the regime politically. By the time a new administration took office, the damage had already been done; many people disliked family planning. As a result, the government made the decision to concentrate on women’s birth control options.

Recent trends in family planning

The measures implemented have not been wholly ineffective. In reality, among women, the usage of contraceptives rose from 13% to 48% between 1965 and 2009. Between 1966 and 2012, the fertility rate decreased as well, falling from 5.7 to 2.4. States have also enacted “two-child policies,” which give them the authority to bar applicants for government positions who have more than two children.


India still has a long way to go, though. The majority of women are aware of birth control options, yet they report having trouble getting access to them. It also doesn’t help that most Indians have a traditional attitude about children. Additionally, even though the fertility rate has decreased, it is insufficient to stop the population growth. To ensure that population growth is under control, India needs to do much more.