Essay On Election Commission of India In English Free and fair elections are one of the cornerstones of a democracy. The Indian Election Commission’s responsibility is to make sure the election process runs smoothly. Throughout the election process, the autonomous authority must maintain the status quo. If things spiral out of control, it has the authority to take any necessary measures.
Essay On Election Commission of India In English
Essay On Election Commission of India In English (100 Words)
The Indian Election Commission has been given a significant amount of responsibilities. Its primary responsibility is to supervise the nation’s election process and assure a successful conclusion. It must fulfil numerous tasks in order to further this goal. The Election Commission of India, which consists of a three-person committee, has the authority to enlist the assistance of other government representatives and experts to carry out various activities associated with the election process, as necessary.
You will be able to answer the following questions after reading this Election Commission of India essay: what is the Election Commission of India? What are its roles and responsibilities? How has the Election Commission of India improved the electoral process? What are some other noteworthy facts about the Election Commission of India? How has the Election Commission of India been criticised?
Essay On Election Commission of India In English (200 Words)
The Indian Constitution provides the legal framework for the Election Commission’s operations. It is a self-governing constitutional body tasked with conducting the nation’s elections in a fair and efficient manner. The Election Commission of India oversees the elections for the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha as well as those for the State Legislative Councils, State Legislative Assemblies, and the positions of President and Vice President of India.
When it was first established in 1950, the Election Commission of India only had one employee, the Chief Election Commissioner. For years, the Chief Election Commissioner was the only person in charge of the election procedures. Two additional commissioners were appointed to the Indian Election Commission in October 1989. The Chief Election Commissioner and the other commissioners are mostly chosen from among retired IAS personnel.
Ever since it was established, the Indian Election Commission has been performing well. With a few rare instances, India’s election processes have generally gone smoothly and fairly. To make the election process better, numerous changes have been made. This includes, among other things, the implementation of electronic voting machines (EVM) and the Voter Verified Paper Audit Trial (VVPAT).
It would be accurate to claim that the Election Commission is constantly working to enhance the nation’s electoral system.
Essay On Election Commission of India In English (300 Words)
In 1950, the Election Commission of India was established. It was made up of a Chief Election Commissioner who was tasked with overseeing the nation’s electoral procedures. The commission gained two new members in 1989. Since its creation, the Election Commission has been doing admirably. To ensure that elections are fair and run smoothly across the nation, a number of activities must be managed. The Indian Election Commission has made numerous adjustments and enhancements to the nation’s electoral process in order to achieve this goal.
The Election Commission of India has made improvements
The following are the main adjustments the Indian Election Commission made to improve the electoral process:
Electronic voting machines are now available.
Electronic voting machines (EVMs) totally supplanted paper ballots in the 2004 Lok Sabha elections. The election process was facilitated by this action. However, it has remained unnoticed ever since. The losing parties frequently assert that the EVM was tampered with to report results in the winning party’s favour. The Election Commission, however, insists that EVMs cannot be tampered with and can be entirely trusted.
Voter ID introduction
Citizens of India who are 18 years old or older are given voter identification cards. This is the identity evidence needed to vote in India and was issued by the Election Commission of India. In 1993, it was first made available.
announcement of NOTA
The NOTA option, which stands for “None of the Above” in the EVM, was implemented by the Election Commission. Pressing NOTA will indicate that a voter does not think any party or candidate is qualified for the job. NOTA was introduced in 2014, and in September of that same year, a special symbol (a ballot with a black cross) was assigned.
Model Conduct Code
Every political party must abide by the Model Code of Conduct established by the Election Commission of India in order to ensure a free and fair election. Any party that disregards the established code could face punishment from the Election Commission.
Essay On Election Commission of India In English (400 Words)
There are three main members of the Election Commission of India, which has its headquarters in New Delhi. The Chief Election Commissioner and two election commissioners are among them. These individuals are responsible with leading the commission and holding free and impartial elections throughout the nation. The Election Commission has full authority to take whatever steps are necessary to guarantee free and fair elections throughout the nation.
Important information regarding the Indian Election Commission
Here are a few crucial details concerning the Indian Election Commission:
The Indian Election Commission was established in 1950.
The Election Commission is an impartial, long-lasting organisation.
The Indian Constitution’s Article 324 governs the activities of the Election Commissioner.
The president of the nation chooses the Chief Election Commissioner and the other two election commissioners who serve as the leadership of the Election Commission of India.
The election commissioners hold office for a period of six years or until they reach the age of 65, whichever comes first.
In every Indian state, an Election Commission subsidiary is established. The state election commission is what is being discussed here.
The duties of the Election Commission include scheduling elections, creating electoral rolls, evaluating and validating new political parties, selecting election observers, preventing/addressing election fraud, such as booth capturing and vote rigging, and cancelling elections (if needed).
After the Constitution Amendment Act of 1993 was enacted, the Election Commission was transformed into a permanent, three-member entity.
The Election Commission of India has the authority to take action it thinks necessary to tackle a critical situation during the election process if it appears that the current laws are weak or unable to handle it.
In the event of accusations of inappropriate behaviour, the Chief Election Commissioner may be asked to resign by a two-thirds vote of the parliament. The president has the authority to dismiss the other two commissioners. The president may decide whether to remove an election commissioner based on the chief election commissioner’s recommendations for candidates.
Voting initially took place on paper ballots. The Election Commission chose to replace it with an electronic voting machine, nonetheless, in light of recent technological advancements. This device has made elections go more smoothly and is simple to use. It has, however, also drawn a lot of criticism. Many political parties assert that it has the ability to rig polls.
The world’s largest democracy is found in India. It is true that holding elections in a nation with over 80,000 polling places is the biggest political event ever planned.
Essay On Election Commission of India In English (500 Words)
The three-person Election Commission of India is an independent organisation. The enormous duty of overseeing the entire electoral process has been entrusted to it. To ensure successful elections, a variety of big and little duties must be managed.
India’s Election Commission has received criticism.
The electoral commission’s members have been working diligently to carry out their appointed duties. To ensure free and fair elections throughout the nation, they have made numerous improvements to the electoral process. Nevertheless, despite all of its efforts, the election commission has come under fire repeatedly since it was established.
The EVM Problem
The introduction of electronic voting machines has been one of the main complaints of our nation’s political process. With the aim of enhancing the electoral process, the Election Commission of India adopted these well-designed and simple-to-use voting devices. The veracity of these devices has, however, always been called into question. These devices are allegedly susceptible to fraud.
Many political parties have said that these devices make it difficult to hold fair elections since they can be attacked to change the results. To preserve transparency and prevent any kind of fraud, the Congress Party even urged that the Election Commission discontinue using EVMs and go back to the paper ballot system.
The Election Commission invited the parties to an open hacking competition that they called the Hackathon in response to these grave allegations and charges. Their response to the accusations levelled with them demonstrated their assurance in the system they had put in place.
Despite numerous significant attacks on it from major parties, only two parties registered for the event that was organised on June 3, 2017. The CPI and NCP were these (M). Even said, none of these parties took part in the hackathon. During this event, the Election Commission provided a demonstration of the operation and use of EVM and VVPAT machines.
Additional Grounds for Criticism
The Election Commission has come under fire from voters for the inaccurate voter lists that prevented them from casting their ballots. A significant number of voters in Mumbai, including some well-known figures, made the grave accusation.
The Model Code of Conduct was introduced by the Election Commission in an effort to guarantee free and fair elections. Political parties are forbidden by this code of conduct from disparaging one another in an effort to win over voters. Many political parties boast about themselves and attack the rival parties during election campaigns.
Parties engaging in the practise have received notices from it. It has been accused, nevertheless, for favouring some parties over others. The Election Commission has responded to these allegations by asserting that it has taken a position and has issued warnings based on substantial evidence and will continue to do so to ensure fair play.
Since the beginning of the election process, the Indian Election Commission has made a number of adjustments. It has received plaudits for the advancements made and for running elections in one of the biggest democracies in the world with efficiency, but as was said above, it has also faced some criticism. The Election Commission nevertheless keeps up its commitment to its task in spite of the criticism.