Essay On Disaster Management In India In English For Student And Children

Essay On Disaster Management In India In English A disaster is an extreme disturbance of a habitat’s ability to operate that results in widespread losses of people, property, or the environment that are more than what the affected community can reasonably expect to be able to handle on its own. Disasters can include landslides, earthquakes, tsunami, cyclones, droughts, floods, and more. Disaster management is a discipline that helps people continuously work to lessen the damage that disasters create.

Disaster Management In India

Essay On Disaster Management In India In English

Essay On Disaster Management In India In English (100 Words)

Disasters are defined as mishaps, calamities, or serious occurrences brought on by natural or artificial causes that cannot be instantly stopped or addressed by the affected population. Natural disasters including earthquakes, cyclones, droughts, and floods, among others, cause significant property damage and loss of life. Huge damage, devastation, and death are the direct or indirect effects of disasters, whether they be man-made or natural.

The discipline of disaster management is the method by which people work tirelessly to lessen the damage brought on by disasters. India has established numerous institutions and ministries for this purpose, including the national disaster management authority (NDMA). However, when it comes to the prompt management of disasters, we have yet to make sufficient progress. This can be accomplished by increasing coordination between the centre and state agencies and developing enough understanding about how to deal with calamities.

Essay On Disaster Management In India In English (200 Words)

A disaster is a sudden, catastrophic event that substantially impairs a community’s or society’s ability to operate and results in losses to people, property, and the environment that are more than what the community or society is able to handle using its own resources. Despite being frequently brought on by nature, disasters can sometimes be caused by people, as in the case of a huge fire or a nuclear plant leak brought on by carelessness.

Disaster management is a well-thought-out method for attempting to lessen the risks brought on by disasters. However, disaster management focuses on creating strategies to lessen the impact of disasters rather than preventing or eliminating hazards. National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been established in India to coordinate national responses to natural and man-made catastrophes. The NDMA manages a number of initiatives for risk reduction and situational response.

The national cyclone risk management project, the school safety project, the decision support system, etc. are a few examples. However, given the lack of readiness demonstrated by the recent rash of catastrophes in the nation, the NDMA needs to step up its organisation and effectiveness in order to lessen the damage caused by disasters. In fact, society as a whole needs to work with the federal and state institutions to develop a coordinated response to natural disasters.

Essay On Disaster Management In India In English (300 Words)


A disaster is a significant interruption in a community’s or society’s ability to function as the result of significant losses in people, property, or the environment that go beyond what the afflicted population may reasonably expect to be able to handle on its own.

India is prone to natural disasters. In actuality, no nation is safe from catastrophes that fall under the following categories:

Different Disasters

Disasters primarily fall into one of two categories:

Natural catastrophes
Man-made catastrophes
Natural disasters are those that are brought on by external, uncontrollable factors such as floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions that have an immediate impact on human life.

Complex emergencies, usually referred to as man-made catastrophes, are emergencies brought on by significant incidents such as war, violence, looting, and big accidents like fires.

Disaster management is a persistent phenomenon that aims to lessen the effects of disasters. Disaster management requires coordinated efforts from many people. In the event of a calamity, certain tasks must be completed. Coordination, command and control, rapid damage assessment, power restoration, tele-communication, surface transportation, deployment of search and rescue teams, medical and para-medical teams, arrangements for drinking water and food supplies, setting up of temporary shelters, identification of sanitation and hygiene, allocating resources, and last but not least, upholding law and order are all crucial.

The impoverished are the groups most at risk in these catastrophes. Therefore, it’s important to encourage kids to be ready for any situation. In order to save lives and alleviate suffering as quickly as possible, delivering emergency relief and rescue operations requires a quick and fast response.

India has established numerous ministries and organisations for this purpose, including the Central Water Commission (CWC), National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC), and National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). And because there are so many authorities, it is not possible for them all to move in the same direction.

Essay On Disaster Management In India In English (400 Words)

Everything, including the land, the water, and the air, was made by God. Both friendly and malevolent forms of nature exist. It can be calming or fierce at different moments. When it gets into a bad mood, it has the power to cause calamity and wreak havoc.


A disaster is a catastrophic event that disrupts the regular course of life or an ecosystem, necessitating extraordinary emergency measures to protect human life or the environment. Natural catastrophes can happen anywhere at any moment because they are an expression of nature.

Defining categories for catastrophes

The catastrophes can be categorised as:

Natural hazard: A natural process or occurrence that has the potential to result in property damage, human injury or other health effects, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic upheaval, or environmental harm. Natural disasters include a variety of events like earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, floods, blizzards, tsunamis, and cyclones.

Disasters that are caused by humans are the result of technological risks. Fires, automobile accidents, oil spills, and nuclear blasts and radiation are a few examples. This category may also include acts of terrorism and war.

There is no country that is fully exempt from disasters, and India is no exception. India is a very disaster-prone nation as a result of its geographic location and geological characteristics.

India has seen a variety of disasters, including landslides, floods, earthquakes, cyclones, and tsunamis. Floods in Uttarakhand, Cyclone “vardah” in Chennai, recurrent earthquakes in northern India, the Chama earthquake in Gujarat, the super cyclone in Orissa in 1999, the Bhuj earthquake in Gujarat in 2001, the tsunami in 2004 and the Mumbai-Gujarat flood in 2005 are just a few of the recent disasters that India has experienced. In addition, India had to endure a technology-related tragedy in the form of the Bhopal gas disaster in 1984. Gujarat’s plague outbreak was an issue for India as well.


The effects of disasters, whether direct or indirect, have always been lethal, destructive, and harmful. Both humans and livestock die as a result of their actions.

disaster preparedness

In order to decrease the effects of disasters, resources and responsibilities are managed through disaster management.

Indian disaster management

Numerous forums, funds, and organisations, including the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), the National Remote Sensing Centre, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the Central Water Commission (CWC), etc., are working in India to lessen the effects of catastrophes. For exclusive mitigation, there is also a separate fund called the “national disaster management fund” (NDMF).

Essay On Disaster Management In India In English (500 Words)

Disasters are catastrophic events in which the regular course of life or an ecosystem is upset and extraordinary emergency measures are needed to save and protect human life or the environment.
Some of the lovely creations of the All-Powerful include land, water, and the air. There are many ways that nature might appear, both friendly and harmful. It can be calming at times or aggressive at others. It can cause destruction or devastation if it becomes angry, which is referred to as a “disaster.”

literal understanding

Literally, a catastrophe is any misfortune, calamity, or grave occurrence that results from either natural or man-made causes and that the afflicted community is unable to instantly stop or address.

Due to India’s geographic location, which makes it particularly vulnerable to disasters, earthquakes, landslides, droughts, cyclones, floods, forest fires, and fire accidents are just a few of the main calamities that frequently occur and cause enormous damage. Urbanization and rapid population increase are the main causes of the degree of disasters.

various calamities

Two basic categories can be used to roughly classify the disasters:

Natural catastrophes
Disasters caused or initiated by humans
A natural catastrophe is a phenomenon that can occur in the course of nature and result in significant loss of life, injuries or other health effects, property damage, loss of livelihood and services, social and economic upheavals, or significant environmental damage. The word “natural disaster” refers to a variety of catastrophes, including earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, storms, floods, blizzards, tsunamis, and cyclones. Complex emergencies, usually referred to as human-initiated disasters, are those that result from significant occurrences like fires, oil spills, breakdowns in authority, looting, conflicts, etc.

The national disaster management authority of India (NDMA), which is responsible for emergency management in India, is doing a remarkable job of minimising the potentially dangerous effects of disasters while promoting decentralised community engagement.

However, it takes much longer-term efforts to develop a well-thought-out plan of action and a timely response to reduce the enormous damage caused by disasters whenever a tragedy occurs, such as the recent tsunami and floods in Uttarakhand. In order to adequately handle the issue, we have not been able to mount sufficient rescue and rehabilitation measures.

Disasters’ effects in India

The effects of both natural and human-caused disasters include enormous amounts of mortality, destruction, injury, and loss of human and cattle lives.

The effect of human activity on disasters caused by nature:

Since a long time ago, it has been seen that modernization is causing serious environmental ignorance. Industries are ignoring environmental regulations. Overusing nature has led to a scenario where natural disasters like earthquakes and landslides are becoming occurring more frequently and inflicting significant damage to both human life and property.

No, the problem is that none of us understands the environment. Many people have strong concerns about the environment and the natural world. Even Nevertheless, there are numerous non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that are bringing the issue of pollution and global warming to the public’s attention by holding demonstrations and launching numerous campaigns to protect the environment.

disaster preparedness

Disaster management is the process of developing both primary and backup plans that will help people become less vulnerable to risks and better prepared to deal with disasters. The mechanism focuses on developing plans to lessen the impact of disasters rather than preventing or eliminating hazards.