Essay On Constitution of India In English For Student And Children

Essay On Constitution of India In English Although the Constituent Assembly had adopted it on November 26, 1949, the Indian Constitution took effect on January 26, 1950. A drafting team led by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar wrote it. It is the longest written constitution that outlines the authority, processes, and obligations of the Indian government’s institutions and provides a thorough description of the fundamental rights and responsibilities of its inhabitants.

The original Indian Constitution is the longest in the world and is calligraphed and handwritten. The Constituent Assembly’s creation of the Indian Constitution, which the Parliament cannot override, is the country’s highest legislation. With the implementation of the Constitution, India’s status was changed from “Dominion of India” to “Republic of India”.

Constitution of India

Essay On Constitution of India In English

Essay On Constitution of India In English (100 Words)

Bringing Rigidity and Flexibility Together

The Indian Constitution combines rigour and flexibility. While the ultimate power must be adhered to strictly in order to maintain peace and order in the nation, the populace can make an appeal to change any rules they feel are harsh or out of date. While changing some clauses can be challenging, changing others is simple.

The Prologue

The Indian Constitution’s well-written Preamble provides a full explanation of the document’s guiding principles. The Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic of India is described as such. It is a welfare state that prioritises its citizens. It supports justice, freedom, and equality for all of its citizens.

Essay On Constitution of India In English (200 Words)

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, regarded as the Father of the Indian Constitution, oversaw the drafting of the Constitution of India. The Constitution took close to three years to draught. While drafting the Constitution, several sociopolitical and economic facets of the society were taken into account. The writing committee also looked to other countries’ constitutions, such as those of Britain, France, and Japan, for helpful suggestions.

The Directive Principles of State Policy, the Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens, and the Federal Structure of the Government of India are all outlined in the Indian Constitution. The Indian Constitution is the world’s longest written constitution since every policy, right, and duty is fully outlined in it.

The Indian Constitution required more than 2000 revisions in order to be ratified. It was enacted on November 26th, 1949, and fully implemented on January 26th, 1950. On this day, the Republic of India officially became the name of our nation. Since then, January 26 has been recognised as Republic Day. At various locations across the nation, the Indian National Flag is flown, and the National Anthem is sung to celebrate the day. 2015 saw the creation of National Constitution Day, a special day honouring the Indian Constitution in particular.

Essay On Constitution of India In English (300 Words)

The Indian Constitution is regarded as the supreme law that specifies in great detail what its citizens are allowed and not allowed to do. It has established a standard that must be adhered to in order to maintain peace and order in the community as well as to foster its growth and prosperity.

The Indian Constitution Specifies the Fundamental Rights and Responsibilities of Citizens

Indian citizens’ fundamental rights and obligations are spelled out in detail in the nation’s constitution. Indian citizens have a number of fundamental rights, including the rights to equality, freedom, and religious liberty as well as rights to cultural and educational expression, protection from exploitation, and access to constitutional remedies. These are the fundamental rights that every person of the nation is guaranteed, regardless of caste, colour, creed, or religion.

One of an Indian citizen’s fundamental responsibilities is to uphold the constitution, respect the national anthem and flag, preserve the nation’s history, protect the integrity and sovereignty of India, foster a spirit of brotherhood, have compassion for all living things, pursue excellence, safeguard public property, and do his or her part to keep the peace. The Indian Constitution makes extensive reference of these.

The Constitution specifies how the government is organised and operates.

The Indian Constitution goes into great detail about the composition and operation of the government. The parliamentary system of government that India uses is mentioned in the Constitution. Both the federal government and the states use this method. All significant decisions must be made by the Prime Minister and the Union Council of Ministers. On the other hand, the Indian President only has symbolic authority.


The Indian Constitution was created by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and his team of six people who served on the drafting committee. After numerous amendments, the Constitution was passed. Several amendments were made after the Constitution went into effect.

Essay On Constitution of India In English (400 Words)

The 26th of November 1949 saw the formation of the Indian Constitution. A special committee was established to develop the Constitution, which provides a detailed account of the behaviours that are considered legal and those that are considered illegal and are subject to punishment. The Constitution went into effect on January 26, 1950. After the Constitution went into effect, the Republic of India became the name of our nation.

Indian Constitution Special Drafting Committee

The constitution of India was written under enormous responsibility. To advance this job, the Constituent Assembly established a specialised drafting committee. The drafting committee had seven members. B.R. Ambedkar, B.L. Mitter, K.M. Munshi, N. Gopalaswami Ayengar, Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar, DP, and Mohammad Saadullah were among the notable Indian leaders who were among them. The drafting committee was chaired by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. Ambedkar is regarded to as the Indian Constitution’s Father. This is due to the fact that he guided and oversaw the creation of this substantial draught.

Indian Constitution: Modeled after Other Nations’ Constitutions

The constitutions of numerous other nations served as models for the constitution of India. Our constitution borrows ideas and provisions from the constitutions of nations including France, Germany, Japan, Australia, the United States, Britain, Ireland, Russia, and South Africa.

The Government of India Act of 1858, the Government of India Acts of 1919 and 1935, and the Indian Independence Act of 1947 were also cited by the Indian Constitution’s writing committee to gain a sense of the laws and provisions that should be included in the Constitution. The committee was better able to comprehend the situation and needs of the nation’s population thanks to these earlier actions. As a result, our Constitution is frequently called “the bag of borrowings.” At the time of its implementation, it had up to 395 articles, 22 parts, and 8 schedules. It was calligraphed and written by hand.

It was advised to make a number of adjustments after the drafting committee put in a great deal of effort and delivered the final text of the Indian Constitution. To get the Constitution ratified, the committee met and made more than 2000 amendments. To make the necessary changes for approval, the members held numerous conversations. In order to ratify the Constitution, 284 members of the Indian Constituent Assembly signed it.


A comprehensive list of the dos and don’ts for the Indian system may be found in the enormous document known as the Indian Constitution. Since its creation, it has undergone about 100 revisions.

Essay On Constitution of India In English (500 Words)

India’s Constitution: The Country’s Supreme Law

It is true that the Indian Constitution is regarded as the country’s highest authority. The citizens of India are required to adhere strictly to the laws, norms, rights, and obligations outlined in the Indian Constitution. The rules and codes outlined in the Indian Constitution serve as the foundation for all decisions made by the Supreme Court and Parliament of India.

The Chief Architect of the Indian Constitution was Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.

The writing group assembled to prepare the Indian Constitution was presided over by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. He oversaw this committee as its chairman. He made numerous significant contributions that helped shape the Constitution, and as a result, he earned the title of chief architect of the Indian Constitution.

Indic Constitution Government of India Act was replaced

Up until the creation of the Indian Constitution, the Government of India Act, 1935, served as the country’s fundamental governing law. The Indian Constitution was ratified by the Constituent Assembly in November 1949. At that time, the Constitution’s majority of articles went into effect. The Indian Republic Day was observed on January 26, 1950, the day the Constitution went into effect. On this date, the remaining articles went into effect. Our nation, formerly known as the Dominion of the British Crown, later adopted the name Sovereign Democratic Republic of India.

Days Set Apart to Honor India’s Constitution

Independence Day

Every year on Republic Day, a huge celebration is held to honour the creation and implementation of the Indian Constitution. The nation observes Republic Day as a national holiday. On Republic Day, a sizable celebration is held at India Gate in New Delhi to honour the nation’s Constitution. The president of India, who serves as the country’s constitutional head, raises the flag on Rajpath. The ceremony is attended by several Chief Ministers from various Indian states as well as the Prime Minister and President of the nation. On Rajpath, schoolchildren’s and military parades are staged. Dances and other cultural activities are also performed by students at schools.

To honour the Indian Constitution, a number of minor celebrations are held at various workplaces and educational institutions across the nation. Competitions for writing, music, and paintings are held in colleges and schools. There are lectures regarding the Indian Constitution and patriotic songs.

Day of the Constitution

Narendra Modi, the prime minister of India, proposed the idea of designating a special day to honour our constitution in 2015. This date was chosen to honour the constitution since it was the day the Indian Constitution was adopted on November 26, 1949. Since 2015, the 26th of November has been observed as National Constitution Day.

On this day, several little and huge events are held in schools, universities, and government institutions all over India. During these occasions, the significance of the Indian Constitution is stressed. To commemorate the day, patriotic songs are performed and cultural events are planned.


The Indian Constitution was carefully drafted with both the general welfare of the nation and the interests of the average person in mind. It is a gift to the people of our nation.