Essay On Caste System In English In Indian society, the caste system has existed since ancient times and is a societal ill. Over time, a lot of people have voiced their criticism of it. The country’s social and political system is still very much under its control, though. The caste system is one of the societal ills that has pervaded Indian society for many years. Over the years, the idea has changed slightly and is no longer as strict as it once was. It nevertheless continues to have an effect on the country’s citizens’ religious, social, and political lives.
Essay On Caste System In English
Essay On Caste System In English (100 Words)
India has a pervasive caste system that dates back to ancient times. However, individuals in positions of authority have shaped and developed the idea over the years. Particularly during the Mughal Rule and the British Raj, it witnessed significant alteration. Nevertheless, caste still influences how individuals are treated today. Varna and Jati are the two essential principles that make up the social structure.
While the term “Varna” originally referred to the four major social classes of “Brahmins” (teachers and priests), “Kshatriyas” (kings and warriors), “Vaishyas” (traders), and “Shudras” (labourers and servants), it has degraded into the term “Jatis,” which is determined by birth. Jati is typically drawn from the community’s trade or occupation and is recognised as inherited.
Essay On Caste System In English (200 Words)
Caste systems have existed in India from prehistoric times. There are two different views on how it came to be in the nation. These are based on either socioeconomic or ideological grounds.
According to the first school of thought, the caste system is founded on four Varnas and is influenced by ideological considerations. Scholars from the British colonial era were particularly likely to hold the worldview that was created centuries earlier. People are divided into classes according to this school of thought. Fundamentally, there are four classes: Brahmins (teachers/priests), Kshatriyas (kings/warriors), Vaishyas (traders), and Shudras (laborers/servants).
According to the second school of thinking, which is centred on socioeconomic reasons, the system is anchored in India’s political, economic, and material history. The academicians of the post-colonial era shared this viewpoint frequently. According to this school of thinking, persons are categorised according to their caste, which is established by the customary occupation of their community.
In India, the caste system has and still does have a significant influence. The basis for reservations in employment and education today is this system. The country’s reservation system is still in place for political reasons, where castes serve as vote banks for political parties.
Essay On Caste System In English (300 Words)
The caste system has been pervasive in our nation for ages and still exerts significant influence on society and politics. Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras are the four different classes into which people have been separated. According to historical accounts, the advent of the Aryans around 1500 BC is thought to be when this social structure first emerged in the nation. According to legend, the Aryans established this system to manage the local populace at the time. They established major positions and delegated them to various groups of people in order to organise things. The assertion that Aryans never entered the nation led to the debunking of this idea in the 20th century, though.
According to Hindu theology, the Hindu god Brahma, who is regarded as the universe’s creator, is credited with creating this system. According to this theory, the priests and teachers, who have the highest status in society, came from Brahma’s head, the warriors from God’s arm, the traders and merchants from God’s thighs, and the peasants and labourers from Brahma’s feet.
Thus, it is unknown what caused the caste system in the first place. But the oldest Hindu literature, Manusmriti, mentions this system as far back as 1,000 BC. Communities in the past strictly adhered to the class system. While those in the upper classes enjoyed a number of benefits, those in the lower classes were bereft of many things and suffered greatly as a result. Even now, a lot of discrimination is practised on the basis of caste, albeit less frequently than in earlier times.
Since many years ago, the caste system has had a significant impact on the religious and social lives of the people in the nation. Today, political parties continue to abuse the caste system for their own purposes.
Essay On Caste System In English (400 Words)
The cruel caste system has held India captive since antiquity, yet its precise inception is unknown due to the numerous competing theories that claim different versions of what happened. People were essentially split into four categories according to the Varna system. The individuals that fit each of these categories are shown below:
Priests, educators, and scholars are Brahmins.
Rulers and warriors known as Kshatriyas
Shudras are workers
Later, the Varna system transformed into the caste system. Based on the profession of the group that a person was born into, the society was split into 3,000 castes and as many as 25,000 sub-castes.
According to one version, the Varna system began to exist in the nation as the Aryans began to colonise it in or around 1500 BC. It is believed that the Aryans established this system to exert control over people and organise affairs. Different groups of people received various duties. On the other hand, according to Hindu theology, the system began with Brahma, the Hindu god who is regarded as the universe’s creator.
There was a lot of caste-based prejudice as the Varna system turned into a caste system. The higher castes were regarded with great respect and had many advantages, whereas the lower castes were despised and had many things taken away from them. Inter-caste unions were outright prohibited.
Today’s urban India no longer has a strong caste system. Despite the fact that the government provides a number of privileges to the lower classes, they are still not recognised in society. Reservations in the nation are now based on caste. Lower-class people have a reserved quota in the education sector as well as when it comes to obtaining government employment.
The Indian Constitution outlawed discrimination based on the caste system after the British left. The Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes quota system was then established. The concept of social justice for defending the interests of these communities on the lower rung of society was thought to be a great move in Indian history; however, it is currently being abused for specific political purposes by various parties in the nation. BR Ambedkar, the author of the Indian Constitution, was a Dalit himself.
People in India are divided into four groups based on their caste: Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras. These groupings are thought to have originated from Brahma, the Hindu creator god. Brahmins include religious leaders, scholars, and educators. They are regarded as having descended from the head of Brahma and are at the top of the hierarchy. The Kshatriyas, who are the kings and warriors, come next.