Essay On Article 370 of Indian Constitution India In English For Student And Children

Essay On Article 370 of Indian Constitution India In English The Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir was granted special rights under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution. The state’s government received the lion’s share of the power. The Centre’s control over J&K was severely limited.

The recent repeal of Article 370 is a momentous development that is anticipated to permanently alter the state’s appearance. Political parties and the general people have reacted differently to this decision, though it has generally been welcomed.

Article 370 of Indian Constitution

Essay On Article 370 of Indian Constitution India In English

Essay On Article 370 of Indian Constitution India In English (100 Words)

On January 26, 1957, Sheikh Abdullah put Article 370 into effect. The Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir received specific authority under the article. This was a stopgap measure.

But it was in effect for many years. It stayed in place despite numerous political figures and other notable citizens of the nation making suggestions to do so on occasion; nevertheless, it has now been revoked.

Bill to Repeal Article 370’s Provisions

Amit Shah, the Union Home Minister, moved in the Rajya Sabha to introduce a bill that would repeal all of the restrictions of Article 370. Ram Nath Kovind, the president, gave his approval.

Essay On Article 370 of Indian Constitution India In English (200 Words)

The 1949 implementation of Article 370 in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir was meant to be a temporary measure, but it was kept in place for many years despite repeated calls for its revocation from notable local figures and political leaders.

The article excluded J&K from the Indian Constitution. With the exception of defence, communications, and foreign affairs, the state gained the ability to enact its own laws in any area.

As a result, the state administration began to write its own constitution. Additionally, a different flag was produced. In J&K, the Fundamental Duties outlined in the Indian Constitution did not apply. Its own set of rights and obligations existed.

Since Article 370’s implementation, the state’s situation hasn’t been great. People’s lives have been particularly wretched in the Kashmir region. Terrorist assaults are commonplace there.

The development of the state has been viewed as being hampered by Article 370. It is also acknowledged as contributing to the state’s rising levels of terrorism and corruption.

Article 370 is no longer valid in accordance with the constitutional directive made by Indian President Ram Nath Kovind on August 5th. To better the state of J&K and its residents, a decision has been made.

Essay On Article 370 of Indian Constitution India In English (300 Words)

Part XXI of the Constitution: Temporary, Transitional, and Special Provisions contains Article 370 of the Indian Constitution. However, it quickly gained recognition as a tenacious aspect of the Indian Constitution. It has been in force in J&K for many years.

The History of Indian Constitutional Article 370

Sheikh Abdullah drafted Article 370 in the year 1947. Pundit Jawahar Lal Nehru and Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir had chosen Abdullah to serve as the prime minister of Jammu and Kashmir.

Abdullah urged that Article 370 be made permanent because he wanted J&K to have total autonomy. The Centre, on the other hand, rejected this proposal as being unreasonable.

Given Special Status: Jammu and Kashmir

The Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir obtained particular authority with the creation of Article 370, giving it the ability to suggest which provisions of the constitution should apply to the state. It even gained the authority to completely revoke Article 370.

Together, Articles 35 A and 370 indicated that the citizens of the state of J&K are subject to a different set of laws. Only laws pertaining to the state’s finances, defence, communications, and international relations could be implemented by the Indian Parliament.

For the application of all other legislation, state government consent was necessary. When it came to property ownership, citizenship legislation, and fundamental rights, J&K people were subject to entirely distinct laws.

The state-enforced rules prohibited people of India from other regions of the nation from purchasing real estate in Jammu and Kashmir.


The people of J&K worry that the repeal of Article 370 will hurt their local economy and endanger their way of life. The residents of J&K appear to be concerned about how they will adapt to the changes that will probably result from this significant decision. They do have valid worries. We anticipate that moving forward, the location will be in better shape.

Essay On Article 370 of Indian Constitution India In English (400 Words)

On August 5, 2019, the Indian Constitution’s Article 370, which granted the state of Jammu and Kashmir unique authority, was declared invalid. Several political parties, politicians, celebrities, and the majority of the general people have praised the Centre’s decision. Others, though, have vehemently disagreed with it. There were many drawbacks and few benefits to Article 370.

Benefits of the Indian Constitution’s Article 370

Here are a few benefits of Article 370:

1) The people of J&K benefit from Article 370. The interests of the state’s residents in the area are given first attention. The state’s residents have more opportunities and there is less competition.

2) J&K takes pride in its locally made crafts. The state’s administration has preserved the local economy and culture. It has traditionally favoured domestic companies over international ones.

This is the reason why the state is home to various local brands. For the residents, this translates to more job, more room for advancement, and a good wage.

Article 370 of the Indian Constitution’s drawbacks

Here are some of Article 370’s drawbacks:

1) J&K has not evolved as much as other regions of the nation. This is especially evident when we consider the local medical facilities. The state’s hospitals and healthcare facilities are not in great shape.

2) Because the centre is not permitted to act, law and order in J&K are fragile. As a result, terrorism has grown in the state. Here, terrorism is a serious threat, yet little is being done to combat it.

3) The state’s distance from the centre contributes to a high level of corruption. There is no oversight of the J&K government. It operates according to its convenience and creates its own laws.

4) Article 370 prohibited the state from implementing the right to education. Students were compelled to relocate to other states for this reason.

5) No outsiders are permitted to open businesses in J&K. Industrialists and professionals are not permitted to dwell here. This significantly impedes the state’s ability to develop and thrive.

6) This clause is biassed against women. Extreme gender bias has resulted as a result in the state.


Article 370 of the Indian Constitution definitely has more drawbacks than advantages. The state’s tense atmosphere is unequivocal proof of this. The repeal of Article 370 appears to be a glimmer of hope for the nation that has long been terrorised. We wish it well in brighter times to come.

Essay On Article 370 of Indian Constitution India In English (500 Words)

The Indian Constitution includes a temporary clause called Article 370. The Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir is granted special autonomy as a result.

J&K is not covered by the Indian Constitution’s provisions that apply to other Indian states.

The law was implemented in the state by Sheikh Abdullah in January 1957 after it was adopted in November 1956.

Article 370’s special rules for Jammu & Kashmir

As Article 370 took effect in the state, some unique rules were enacted for Jammu & Kashmir. These comprise:

A new national flag was obtained by J&K.
In India, disparaging the national flag and other symbols is a felony. It is a criminal offence. However, J&K was exempt from this requirement.
J&K was exempt from the most stringent court rulings in India.
Dual citizenship was available to Jammu and Kashmir residents.
Sharia law was applied to women in Kashmir.
Of contrast to other Indian states where the Assembly terms are just five years, the Assembly in J&K was in office for six years.
The RTI, RTE, and CAG did not apply to Kashmir.
A lady who married a citizen of another Indian state lost her citizenship in J&K. On the other hand, if a state citizen married a Pakistani national, he was given J&K citizenship.
A Pakistani who marries a Kashmiri woman gains Indian citizenship.
The purchase of real estate in J&K by residents of other states was prohibited by Article 370.
The Hindu and Sikh minorities in Kashmir did not receive the full 16% of the available seats.
After the Revocation of Article 370, changes

Jammu and Kashmir would no longer have an autonomous status as a result of the cancellation of Article 370. All of the special privileges associated with this article have been revoked. Other adjustments that are being made include the following:

There will be a single citizenship available to all J&K people.
In J&K, Article 360, which is implemented in times of financial emergency, is now in effect.
Property purchases in J&K by residents of other states are permitted.
The length of the Legislative Assembly has been increased to five years.
In J&K, RTI will be in effect.
Minorities are qualified for the 16% reservation.
The right to education will be advantageous for kids.
Applying the Directive Principle of State Policy.
J&K won’t have a unique flag.
The Climate in J&K Since Article 370 Was Revocated

As the bill to repeal Article 370 was being passed in the Rajya Sabha, Omar Abdullah, Sajjad Lone, and Mehbooba Mufti—three important politicians in J&K—were placed under house arrest.

In the Srinagar area of Kashmir, internet and cellphone communications were shut down, and all public meetings were outlawed.


It appears that J&K will finally experience peace and prosperity with all the reforms that have been made since Article 370 was revoked. The state’s improvement will take more steps after this one.

Still a long way to go! It is still up for dispute as to whether the Center made the right or incorrect choice. Both the state and the nation, in our opinion, stand to gain from it.