Essay On Article 35A of Indian Constitution India In English On January 26, 1957, Sheikh Abdullah put Article 370 into effect. The Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir received specific authority under the article. This was a stopgap measure.
But it was in effect for many years. It stayed in place despite numerous political figures and other notable citizens of the nation making suggestions to do so on occasion; nevertheless, it has now been revoked.
Bill to Repeal Article 370’s Provisions
Amit Shah, the Union Home Minister, moved in the Rajya Sabha to introduce a bill that would repeal all of the restrictions of Article 370. Ram Nath Kovind, the president, gave his approval.
Essay On Article 35A of Indian Constitution India In English
Essay On Article 35A of Indian Constitution India In English (100 Words)
In the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Article 35A was put into effect by the Constitution Order of 1954. The decree was issued in accordance with Article 370 by Rajendra Prasad, then-President of India. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru advised against it, therefore it was done. Under this provision, the J&K permanent residents were given unique advantages. Although the state’s application of this clause was frequently questioned, none of the ruling governments took any action to address the issue. The BJP has been working on repealing this provision for decades, and it has now been accomplished. Many people are puzzled by the article’s abrupt removal.
Essay On Article 35A of Indian Constitution India In English (200 Words)
The Indian Constitution’s Article 35 A granted the J&K government exceptional authority. The legislature of J&K got the authority to specify who is a state resident, unlike the governments of other Indian states. It followed the laws outlined in its own constitution, which it had.
Only individuals who were inhabitants of J&K at the time Article 35A was passed would have the privilege of being referred to as the permanent residents of the state, according to the J&K constitution, which was enacted in 1956, two years after it was passed. Those who legally owned a home in J&K and resided there for ten years straight also received permanent resident status there. The new law granted numerous special rights to J&K’s permanent inhabitants.
Amit Shah, the home minister, passed a resolution in the Rajya Sabha on August 5 calling for the introduction of legislation to repeal Articles 35A and 370, which granted the government of J&K exceptional rights.
The J&K inhabitants who had previously enjoyed special rights are now have to follow the laws outlined in the Indian Constitution. Both the general public and J&K’s political leaders now feel uneasy and dissatisfied as a result of this. The BJP-led administration asserts that this decision was taken to benefit the state, nonetheless.
Essay On Article 35A of Indian Constitution India In English (300 Words)
Article 35 A, which was adopted in 1954, has recently gained attention due to its annulment. Numerous unique privileges were granted to Jammu and Kashmir citizens as a result of this article. The abrupt withdrawal of it has raised tensions throughout the state. While many members of the general public who live in various parts of India and officials from various political parties have praised this action, others are dubious about it, and still others have outright denounced it. Likewise, the nations that are next to us have voiced their opinions.
By Maharaja Hari Singh, a law was passed.
In the year 1927, Hari Singh, the previous Maharaja of Kashmir, passed a statute like Article 35 A. The Kashmiri Hindus are credited with recommending this. Singh made this choice to limit Punjabi citizens’ ability to enter the J&K state.
Pakistan’s Response to Article 35 A’s Revocation
Pakistan has vehemently denounced the Indian government’s move to repeal Articles 35A and 370. In a statement, Pakistan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs expressed its displeasure with the action and referred to it as illegitimate. Pakistan has additionally stated that it will explore all possibilities to retaliate for this action. It noted the United Nations’ recognition of Jammu and Kashmir as a disputed region and the Indian government’s inability to act in such a unilateral manner. The Kashmir issue has been revived, according to Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi.
China’s Response to Article 35 A’s Revocation
The Indian government’s intention to abolish Article 35 A has drawn alarm from China. Additionally, it has resisted the move to make Ladakh a Union Territory. The Modi administration responded by reminding China of its own internal problems. India additionally stated that it does not meddle in the domestic affairs of other nations and demands the same behaviour from them.
Essay On Article 35A of Indian Constitution India In English (400 Words)
Seven years after India won its freedom from British control, Article 35A of the Indian Constitution was promulgated. With this, Jammu and Kashmir’s legislature gained the authority to determine who is a state’s permanent resident, which paved the way for discrimination against citizens of this princely state. Since Article 35 A has been repealed, the unique advantages granted to Kashmir’s permanent residents are no longer valid. According to reports, the choice was made to enhance the state’s political, social, and economic circumstances.
Describe Article 35A.
Here is a thorough explanation of what Indian Constitutional Article 35 A is all about:
By presidential decree, this article was adopted. Before including it in the constitution, a review by the Parliament was not conducted.
After the publication of Articles 35 A and 370, J&K established its own constitution. The 17th of November 1956 saw the adoption of the J&K constitution. It became effective on January 26, 1957.
The new constitutional provision states that in order to qualify for permanent residency, a person must have been a resident of J&K in 1954 when Article 35 A was established, have resided there for ten consecutive years after that, and have lawfully purchased property in the state.
Government employment in the state were only available to J&K permanent residents.
Only those who live in J&K permanently are admitted to professional colleges run by the state government, and only they are eligible for scholarships at state-run schools.
Property in the state could not be purchased by people from other areas of the nation. The same was justified on the grounds that it may significantly alter the state’s demography.
Women who married non-residents were not allowed to own property. But in the year 2002, a court decision changed this clause. Inhabitants of the state received a certificate as proof of their legal status as residents.
The decision to repeal Provision 35 A has angered and dissatisfied the permanent inhabitants of J&K who had been benefiting from special rights under the article. The news has greatly agitated the nation, especially in the J&K region.
There haven’t been any reports of physical violence anywhere since the Modi government implemented all the procedures necessary to maintain peace throughout the nation in the wake of the announcement of the repeal of Articles 370 and 35A. However, both our neighbour Pakistan and a number of political groups in India are criticising the decision. The country is now experiencing tension as a result of this.
Essay On Article 35A of Indian Constitution India In English (500 Words)
On August 5, 2019, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, a former Indian president, withdrew Article 35 A, which had been in effect since 1954. The Jammu and Kashmir legislature was granted specific rights under the article. This has been a significant development in the history of the Indian Constitution, and both the general public and political parties in India have reacted to it in differing ways. While many people think it’s a terrific idea to improve the state’s situation, others have flatly rejected it.
Following is a list of the political parties supporting and opposing the repeal of Article 35 A.
Political Parties Supporting the Revocation of Article 35 A
The decision to repeal Article 35 A was supported by a wide range of political parties. The BJP government’s action was praised by the Aam Aadmi Party, Shiv Sena, Shiromanu Akali Dal, Biju Janata Dal, and Bahujan Samaj Party, among others. These parties think that this reform was long overdue and that it will help J&K’s situation.
Political Parties Against the Revocation of Article 35 A
Several political parties have expressed their displeasure at the repeal of Article 35 A. They have referred to it as improper and unjust. Many Congress party leaders voiced surprise at this choice. They are publicly condemning this action by the Modi administration. Rashtriya Janta Dal, National Conference, DMK, People’s Democratic Party, Janata Dal (United), and Trinamool Congress are just a few of the other parties opposed to it. Many party leaders have expressed their rage and worry over this in public. According to them, this could cause serious problems in the state that could have an effect on the entire nation.
circumstances in Kashmir
The announcement of the repeal of Articles 370 and 35A was regarded as a historic development. Without a doubt, it will result in a significant transformation in J&K. The people who would be most affected by this decision were unaware of what was in store for them, despite the fact that everyone in India and its neighbouring countries was talking about the changes it would bring about.
Prior to the announcement, the Indian government cut off all phone and internet services in the Kashmir Valley as a precaution. Numerous areas of the state were subject to curfew. This is because it is challenging for people to organise protests when services are shut down and curfews are imposed. The Kashmiris just understood that something significant was planned, but they did not anticipate it to be this significant.
Prominent political figures in Kashmir, including former chief ministers Omar Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti, were detained when the Rajya Sabha passed a bill on August 5th to repeal Articles 370 and 35A and split the state into two. All of this was done to prevent violence of any type in the state.
Every decision has advantages and downsides, just like every coin has two sides. Revocation of Article 35 A is viewed as a chance for J&K to develop and prosper, but it has also heightened tensions across the nation as those opposed to the move have grown outraged.