Essay On Article 15 of Indian Constitution In English the Indian Constitution contains Article 15. Information on Indian citizens’ fundamental rights is provided in this section. One of the fundamental rights of the people in our nation, the right to equality, was advanced with the introduction of Article 15.
According to Article 15, neither the State nor its inhabitants may discriminate against anyone on the basis of caste, sex, religion, race, or place of birth. The State has the right to establish specific provisions to help the weaker members of society, according to the article.
Essay On Article 15 of Indian Constitution In English
Essay On Article 15 of Indian Constitution In English (100 Words)
In order to reduce unfair discrimination, which had been pervasive in Indian society for many years, Article 15 was adopted. The article seeks to advance a society in which everyone has equal access to rights and benefits and is not subjected to prejudice because of their gender, caste, religion, race, or place of birth.
In order to advance equality, it is crucial to stop unjustified discrimination as well as to put in place some special measures to help the weaker and more disadvantaged segments of society. Such unique provisions may be developed and put into effect in accordance with Article 15. To the benefit of these portions, it has given way to several acts and provisions.
Essay On Article 15 of Indian Constitution In English (200 Words)
Discrimination against people on the basis of their caste, race, religion, sex, or place of birth is prohibited by Article 15 of the Indian Constitution. According to this article, neither the State nor its inhabitants are allowed to discriminate on the basis of the aforementioned five reasons since doing so is crucial to establishing a better society with equal rights for everyone.
According to Indian law, it is an offence to engage in discrimination based on these five criteria. There are numerous organisations and institutions in the nation with laws that forbid such discrimination.
The State may also enact special rules under Article 15 to improve the status of women, children, members of scheduled castes and tribes, as well as members of socially and economically disadvantaged sections.
A democratic nation is India. As a result, everyone has the freedom to legitimately voice their opinions and challenge the status quo, but they must do so while abiding by the constitution’s established rules.
People have in the past contested a number of Article 15 clauses, and amendments have been made as a result. One such instance was Champakam Dorairajan v. the State of Madras. Such cases occasionally permanently alter the law, while other times they highlight how important the current laws are.
Essay On Article 15 of Indian Constitution In English (300 Words)
The Indian Constitution’s Article 15 prohibits discrimination on the basis of caste, sex, race, religion, or place of birth, but it does permit favourable differentiation. According to the article, women and children can receive special treatment.
The clause does not even prohibit the State from creating and enforcing special rules for the advancement of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and other economically and socially disadvantaged groups.
Why did the Indian Constitution include Article 15?
Since ages, there has been widespread discrimination in India based on caste, religion, race, sex, and place of birth, hence it was vital to include this article in the Constitution.
One of the main social ills that existed in our culture was the caste system. The caste a person belonged to greatly influenced how they were regarded. The Brahmins, for example, were regarded as members of the elite class. Everyone regarded them with reverence. They were given the best jobs in the society and led comfortable lives.
The Shudhras, on the other hand, were so regarded as inferior as to be known as the untouchables. They were despised by those from other castes. They were prohibited from going into restaurants, temples, or other public locations. They were engaged in manual labour, sweeping and cleaning.
Similar to this, pre-independence society’s treatment of women was appalling. They were prohibited from working outside the home and were primarily limited to household chores. Not even sent to school were girls. The other listed variables, such as colour, religion, and place of birth, were also the subject of discrimination.
Therefore, it was crucial to include Article 15 in order to provide everyone a fair chance to grow and develop in the proper way. The article aspires to make India a nation where all citizens are treated equally in terms of opportunity and fundamental rights, with the complete eradication of caste, gender, and origin-based prejudice.
Essay On Article 15 of Indian Constitution In English (400 Words)
On January 26, 1950, the Indian Constitution went into effect. It contains a number of Articles that act as a roadmap for the State and its people. In order to end the abhorrent practise of discrimination based on nonsensical grounds, Article 15 of the Indian Constitution was included. According to the text, it is illegal to discriminate against someone based on their caste, ethnicity, religion, sex, or place of birth. Five sub-articles make up Article 15 in its entirety.
Here are some of Article 15’s several subsections:
Chapter 15 (1)
A citizen may not be subjected to discrimination by the State solely because of their race, religion, sex, caste, or place of birth.
Chapter 15 (2)
Additionally, it is against the law for Indian citizens to discriminate against other citizens based solely on their race, religion, sex, caste, or place of birth. No citizen shall be subject to any restrictions or requirements with respect to:
access to public entertainment venues such as malls, stores, hotels, and restaurants.
Utilization of public facilities such as tanks, wells, roads, and bathing ghats that were partially or entirely financed by public tax dollars.
Chapter 15 (3)
The State has the authority to provide for women’s and children’s needs specifically. This article does not forbid the State from acting in this manner.
Chapter 15 (4)
For Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and other socioeconomically and educationally disadvantaged groups, the State has the authority to create specific measures. The State is free to enact such rules in accordance with this article.
Chapter 15 (5)
This subsidiary article was later added. It came about as a result of the article’s change in 2018. It happened when the government announced a 10% reservation in colleges and universities for the socially and economically poorer segments of society.
This clause states that nothing in this article prevents the State from establishing special guidelines for admission into educational institutions (private, public, or government-aided) for members of the Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribes, and other socially and economically disadvantaged groups.
Discrimination based on caste, race, religion, sex, or place of birth is expressly forbidden in Article 15 of the Indian Constitution. However, for the benefit of the society’s most vulnerable groups, favourable discrimination based on a few other factors can be implemented. The guidelines outlined in Article 15 must be followed by both the government and the people of India. If they don’t, harsh measures may be taken against them.
Essay On Article 15 of Indian Constitution In English (500 Words)
Discrimination on the basis of caste, religion, race, sex, or place of birth is illegal under Article 15 of the Indian Constitution. These five grounds cannot be used by the State or its inhabitants as justification for discrimination. If prejudice is proved to have taken place, the state and its residents could face harsh repercussions.
Acts of the Government Implementing Article 15
To implement Article 15 of the Indian Constitution, the government has created unique programmes and laws. These programmes seek to eliminate discrimination and strengthen the less fortunate segments of society. Here are some examples of these plans:
Act of 1989 to Prevent Atrocities Against Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
This act prohibits discrimination against members of the SC and ST communities. Additionally, they wouldn’t be subjected to violence simply because they belong to this community.
Article 15 of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, supports favourable distinction in order to strengthen the weaker members of society and guarantee equality. The Right of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, was created to support and promote those who have mental and physical disabilities. It resulted in special provisions for these persons to raise their social position.
1956 Hindu Succession Act
The purpose of this law is to improve the position of women in Indian society. This act prohibited discriminating against women by limiting their ability to own property. This statute established a unified system of inheritance and succession.
Hindu women were granted total control over how to manage their property after it was put into effect. They have the right to keep it, dispose of it, or utilise it however they see fit. In our society, men already enjoyed this privilege.
Act of 2013 Prohibiting Sexual Harassment of Women at Work
At work, sexual harassment of women is a common occurrence, and they are not even allowed to speak out against this injustice. The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2013, was put into effect to support women and make the workplace a safer place for them.
Women are encouraged by this law to speak out against workplace sexual harassment. They have every right to report such incidents. Actions against the offenders are swift and severe.
Many other measures have also been implemented for the weaker section’s benefit. Others have been suggested and might be adopted soon.
Consequences of Disregarding Indian Constitutional Article 15
A person is subject to penalty under Indian law if they violate the rules outlined in Article 15. The seriousness of the circumstance determines the appropriate penalty. For example, a person who discriminates against members of the Schedule Caste or Schedule Tribes may be sentenced to prison time and pay a hefty fine.
Certain forms of discrimination that have existed in society for millennia are incredibly unjust and even cruel. These need to stop right away. There is still a long way to go, but the addition of Article 15 to the Indian constitution has significantly reduced such discriminatory behaviours.