Essay On Agriculture In English For Student And Children’s

Essay On Agriculture In English: One of the most significant economic activities is recognised to be agriculture. It entails using natural resources like water and land to produce things like plants, animals, fibre, fuel, and more. Agriculture encompasses a wider range of activities than is typically thought. Forestry, fishing, raising animals, and—most importantly—crop production are all included.

Essay On Agriculture In English

Essay On Agriculture In English For Student And Children’s

Essay On Agriculture In English (100 Words)

One of the major industries in world employment is agriculture, primarily in emerging and underdeveloped countries. Millions of people worldwide depend on the agricultural sector for their living, either directly or indirectly. It is a business that supplies the food, fruits, vegetables, spices, and other necessities we need on a daily basis.

Agriculture is essentially the practice of cultivating plants for the purpose of generating food, fuel, fibre, medicines, and a variety of other goods that have become essential to human existence. Animal breeding is another aspect of agriculture. The advancement of agriculture led to the advancement of human civilization, which turned out to be beneficial.

Essay On Agriculture In English (200 Words)

Agriculture is said to be an art, science, and commerce all at once because it meets the requirements for all three.


As it entails the establishment, management, and growth of crop and animal husbandry, it is regarded as an art. Only someone who possesses this art can accomplish what it takes to get good outcomes in this profession, which demands patience and perseverance.


To develop new, better agricultural practises, breeding and genetics information is put to use. The field is currently the site of several discoveries and investigations. Since it is constantly changing, it is considered science.

Commerce Agriculture unquestionably fits under this category as it helps the economy unlike any other industry can.


Agriculture is regarded as the cornerstone of the Indian economy because it supports almost two-thirds of the population either directly or indirectly. In India, it is well recognised to be a way of life rather than just a means of subsistence.
Agraria, which means field in Latin, and cultura, which means cultivation, are the roots of the word agriculture. Agriculture primarily entails the cultivation and manufacturing of agricultural and zoological products.

Essay On Agriculture In English (300 Words)

Agriculture’s Earlier Times

Agriculture has a long history that spans numerous centuries. About 105,000 years ago, it originated independently in several parts of the planet, largely through the gathering of wild grains for food. Here is how several nations took part in this activity:

Pigs have domesticated in Mesopotamia some 15,000 years ago. A few thousand years later, they started raising sheep as pets.
Rice has first grown in China about 13,500 years ago. They eventually started growing mung, azuki, and soy. Cattle were domesticated in Turkey about 10,500 years ago.

Around 10,000 years ago, llamas, alpacas, beans, potatoes, and coca were domesticated. Around 9,000 years ago, various root vegetables and sugarcane were first grown in New Guinea. In Peru, cotton was first domesticated about 5,600 years ago. In many other regions of the nation, many plants and animals have been domesticated for thousands of years.

Modern Technology’s Effect on Agriculture

Modern farming methods are being used as a result of advancements in science and technology. Modern technology has greatly aided the growth of the agriculture industry, but it has also had some unfavourable effects on the industry. The effect it had was as follows:

The use of insecticides, fertilisers and technologically improved equipment for crop farming has greatly increased yields while simultaneously causing environmental harm and having a severe influence on human health.

Selective breeding and other contemporary methods of animal husbandry have boosted the supply of meat, but they have also increased animal welfare concerns.


The agricultural industry has developed over time, much like every other sector, and this evolution has had both positive and negative effects on society.

Agriculture is a broad topic. Crop production, animal husbandry, soil science, horticulture, dairy science, extension education, entomology, agriculture chemistry, agri engineering, agri economics, plant pathology, and botany are all included in this field. To prepare students for the field, these disciplines are taught in numerous colleges around the globe.

Essay On Agriculture In English (400 Words)

Various Forms of Farming

Here are some general categories for the agricultural sector in our nation:

Subsistence Agriculture

One of the most popular farming practises in India. In this kind of farming, the farmers raise grains both for their own consumption and to sell.

Business Agriculture

High yield is the main objective of this style of agriculture, which seeks to make money by exporting its products to other nations. Cotton, wheat, and sugarcane are a few of the commercial crops that are frequently farmed in the nation.

A Change in Agriculture

Tribal groups mostly use this method of farming to raise root crops. The majority of the forest is cleared so that crops can be grown there.

Widespread Agriculture

In industrialised nations, this is more typical. However, several regions of India also do it. It emphasizes the use of machinery in crop production.

Intensive Farming

In parts of the country with a high population density, this is a regular practice. It is concentrated on maximizing the productivity of the land by using various methods. For this, a significant financial investment, as well as a large labor force, are needed.

Agriculture in plantations

This kind of farming entails the cultivation of plants that need a lot of time and space to grow. Tea, rubber, coffee, chocolate, coconut, fruits, and spices are a few of these crops. The states of Assam, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Kerala are where this is primarily practised.

Wetland Agriculture

The cultivation of crops like jute, rice, and sugarcane is suitable in well-irrigated areas that receive considerable rainfall.

Dry Land Agriculture

In desert-like regions like central and northwest India, it is practiced. Bajra, jowar, and gram are a few of the crops that are farmed in these regions. This is due to the fact that these crops grow with less water.


Agriculture has advanced significantly thanks to technological innovation. It goes beyond merely cultivating crops and raising livestock. A person who wants to work in agriculture can choose to specialize in one of several other disciplines that are included in it.

Agriculture primarily entails the domestication of animals and the cultivation of crops in order to produce food and other necessities for humanity. Although it has been used for centuries, it has developed with time and now plays a significant role in the growth of the economy in our nation.

Essay On Agriculture In English (500 Words)

One industry that has existed for thousands of years is agriculture. With the aid of modern farming tools and domestication procedures, it has evolved over time. One industry has experienced tremendous growth and has also contributed to the expansion of numerous other industries.

The expansion and improvement of the agricultural sector

One of these nations that is heavily dependent on agriculture is India. In India, agriculture is not just a means of subsistence but also a way of life. The government is working hard to boost this industry. Let’s examine the historical development of this industry.

Although agriculture has been practised for many years in India, it has long been underdeveloped. We were unable to produce enough food for our population, so exporting to other countries was simply out of the question. Contrarily, we were forced to import wheat from abroad. This was due to the dependence of Indian agriculture on the monsoon.

When there was enough rain, the crops fertilised properly; but, when there was not enough rain, the crops simply failed, resulting in starvation in the majority of the country. But over time, things evolved. The government has improvement in mind for this industry after independence. New techniques were used, better quality seeds and fertilisers were made accessible, tube-wells and pump sets were installed, and dams were built.

Things started to get better with the adoption of high-tech tools, effective irrigation systems, and specialist field knowledge. We quickly began producing significantly more than we needed, and as a result, we began exporting food grains and other agricultural goods. Today, our agriculture sector is more robust than those of many other nations. India ranks second globally in the production of sugarcane, rice, jute, and oil seeds and first globally in the production of groundnuts, tea, and rice.

The government is working in this direction, but there is still a long way to go.

Agriculture’s Harmful Effects on the Environment

Agriculture has had certain unfavourable effects on the people employed in this industry as well as the environment as a whole, despite its contribution to the advancement of human civilization and the expansion of the nation’s economy. The effects of agriculture on the environment are as follows:

Deforestation has been caused by agriculture. Many woods are felled in order to make room for agriculture fields. Nobody can deny the effects of deforestation or the necessity to regulate it. Not many of you may be aware that the construction of watersheds and the withdrawal of river water for field irrigation results in drier natural ecosystems.

Due to the overuse of fertilisers and pesticides, water bodies that receive runoff from fields such as rivers and lakes get poisoned.
Other problems caused by agricultural activity include the loss of topsoil and contaminated groundwater.

Agriculture is seen as a dangerous industry as well. Farmers are frequently exposed to various chemically based fertilisers and pesticides, and regular usage of these can result in a number of health risks, including skin conditions, lung infections, and other serious ailments.